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I have a disability. Can I get Ontario disability benefits?
Clear language definitions to common legal terms.
Income support from ODSP is for people with serious health problems. There are rules about who can get income support and what you must do to keep getting it.
You have to qualify both:
- financially, and
- in most cases, as a person with a disability.
You must be 18 or older to get income support on your own from ODSP. But you can apply if you will turn 18 within the next 6 months.
Who is a “person with a disability”
Most people must meet the ODSP definition of a person with a disability.
This means that an approved health professional, such as a doctor, fills out the forms that are in the Disability Determination Package to confirm that:
- you have a physical or mental health problem that’s expected to last a year or more, and
- your health problem limits your ability to work, look after yourself, or do daily activities at home or in the community.
The law also says that your health problem must be substantial and must limit your abilities in a substantial way.
It can be a health problem that you have all the time or one that sometimes goes away but then comes back.
And it can be one health problem or a number of different problems that together limit your abilities.
Getting ODSP without proving you’re a “person with a disability”
Some people can get income support from ODSP without having to complete a Disability Determination Package. This is because they don't have to prove that they meet the definition of a “person with a disability”. See Step 3.