glossary

Glossary

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Advice counsel are private lawyers or Legal Aid Ontario staff lawyers located in all family courts who give basic information on family law to anyone who wants information. For example, advice counsel can explain legal terms, how to start or respond to a court application, and the court process.

If your income is low enough, advice counsel can also give you legal advice about child custody and access, child support and spousal support, dividing property, divorce, and most other family law matters.

Title: affidavit
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An affidavit is a sworn statement in writing. The person making the statement must sign it after they swear an oath or promise to tell the truth, just as if they were a witness in a courtroom.

Title: affidavit
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An affidavit is a document where a witness makes statements about facts that they say are true. The document must be sworn in front of an authorized person, such as a lawyer or commissioner of oaths.

Title: affirmation
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When a person makes an affirmation, they give a formal promise that a statement is true. An affirmation may be used in place of an oath. For example, an affirmation may be used when a person isn’t able to take an oath because of religious reasons.

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All-in price advertising means that dealers cannot add additional fees on top of an advertised price. Exceptions that dealers can charge are HST, licensing fees, or fees for options that you ask for.

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Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) refers to different ways or processes that try to get people to agree on their legal issues without going to court. Some of these processes are collaborative family law, mediation, and arbitration.

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An “information” is a formal document used to accuse a person of a criminal offence. The information begins a criminal proceeding in court. The information is usually sworn by a police officer who has reasonable and probable grounds to believe the person committed a criminal offence.

Title: annulment
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An annulment is a court order that your marriage was not valid from the start. You might get one if, for example, your partner was still married to someone else when they married you.

It is rare to get an annulment to legally end a marriage. Most of the time you need to get a divorce to legally end a marriage.

Title: appeal
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To appeal means to ask a judge or someone with more power to review a decision that you don't agree with.

Other parties who are affected by the decision can also appeal.

Title: appeal
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To appeal means to ask a higher decision maker to change a decision that you don't agree with. For example, the higher level decision maker at the WSIB is called an Appeals Resolution Officer.

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