glossary

Glossary

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If you've been accused of a criminal offence, an appearance notice tells you when you must go to court. If the offence is a hybrid offence or an indictable offence, the appearance notice will also give you the date and time when you must have your fingerprints taken.

An appearance notice lets you out of custody until your trial. The police officer is not allowed to give you an appearance notice if:

  • your offence is more serious
  • evidence could be lost or destroyed
  • a criminal offence may continue to happen
  • the public would not be safe
  • the police are not sure who you are
Title: applicant
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The applicant is the party who starts the court case. An applicant can be one person or a group of two or more people, a corporation, or an agency like the Family Responsibility Office, etc.

The person that they are making a claim against is called the respondent.

Title: application
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A way to start a case at a court or tribunal, or to ask a court or tribunal to make a decision about a dispute. For example, if a landlord wants a tenant to move out and the tenant does not move, the landlord can make an application to the Landlord and Tenant Board. Or if a tenant can't get their landlord to do needed repairs, the tenant can make an application to the Board. Application can also refer to the actual form or document used to start a case.

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Approved medical practitioners that can sign an EI medical certificate include:

  • a Canadian or American licensed medical doctor
  • a psychologist, as long as the illness being treated is within their field
  • a chiropractor, as long as the illness being treated is within their field
  • an optometrist, as long as the illness being treated is within their field
  • a nurse practitioner, or a midwife, as long as the illness being treated is within their field, or
  • a registered nurse, only in isolated areas, when a doctor is not available.

It is usually not acceptable to have your medical certificate completed and signed by a massage therapist, osteopath, naturopath, physiotherapist, podiatrist, acupuncturist, Christian Science Adherence Practitioner, or a doctor not licensed in Canada or America.

Title: arbitration
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Arbitration is an alternative dispute resolution process where partners meet with a neutral person, called an arbitrator, to solve their issues without going to court. An arbitrator is usually a lawyer. A non-lawyer can also be an arbitrator if they have special family law training. If you and your partner cannot reach an agreement, the arbitrator makes a decision to solve your issues. Their decision is called a family arbitration award.

Title: arrest
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An arrest happens when the police take you into custody so they can charge you with a criminal offence. Being in custody means that you’re not free to go.

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An arrest warrant is an order from a court that gives the police the power to arrest someone.

Title: arrested
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An arrest happens when the police take you into custody so they can charge you with a criminal offence. Being in custody means that you’re not free to go.

Title: arrested
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You are arrested when the police take you into custody so they can charge you with a criminal offence. Being in custody means that you’re not free to go.

Title: assault
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This is a criminal offence. An assault happens when you touch, push, or try to apply force to another person without their permission.

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