glossary

Glossary

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The "best interests of the child" is a test that the court uses to decide many things about children, such as custody and access. Before making a decision, a judge looks at things like:

  • the relationship between each parent and the child
  • how long the child has lived in a stable situation
  • each parent's plan to care for and bring up the child
  • in some cases, the child’s views and wishes 
  • if there has been abuse against any family member or any child
Title: budget
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A budget is a plan that says how you will spend the money you receive within a certain period of time. Usually, people create a monthly budget that shows the income they get in a month and all the things they need to, or want to, spend that money on in the month.

Title: by-law
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A rule passed by a city or town council. For example, most cities or towns in Ontario have "property standards" by-laws, which say that buildings must be kept in good repair. Tenants have the right to have their landlords comply with these standards. Some by-laws might say how many people are allowed to live in one apartment, depending on its size.

Corporations (companies) also have by-laws. For example, a housing co-operative or a condominium corporation might have by-laws that affect the rights of tenants, members, or owners.

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The Canada Pension Plan (CPP)  is run by the Canadian government. Employers and workers make contributions to the plan and in certain situations the benefits are paid out to the worker or their family to partially replace their earnings.

These situations can include:

  •  if a worker  becomes disabled and can no longer work [link to CPP disability benefits]
  • iIf a worker dies
  • if a worker retires [Link to retirement pension], or
  • if a worker reaches a certain age

You may also get these benefits by credit splitting after a common-law relationship, divorce, or separation, even if you are not a worker.

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The Canada Revenue Agency manages the income tax process. They’re also responsible for some social benefits, like the Goods and services tax/Harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) credit, Canada child benefit, and child disability benefit.

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Cancellation rights mean that if a dealer does not tell you information they are required to by law, you can cancel your purchase agreement within 90 days from when you signed.

Title: care home
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A rented place to live where the landlord provides care services or makes them available to the tenants. Examples of care services are nursing care, supervision of medications, attendant care, and help with daily living activities. A tenant is a care home tenant only if getting the services was a reason they moved there. Retirement homes for seniors are a common type of care home.

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A case conference is a meeting between a judge and you and your partner, and your lawyers if you have any. The purposes of a case conference include:

  • figuring out the issues that need to be solved in your case
  • talking about ways to solve those issues without going to a trial
  • figuring out the information you and your partner need to share
Title: Case Manager
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A Case Manager is the person at the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) who first deals with your claim. Their name will be on the first letter you get from the WSIB.

The Case Manager is your contact person at the WSIB when you have questions and they are responsible for making decisions about your claim.  

Sometimes your Case Manager will change. But if you have your claim number, you can find out who the new person is.

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A Certificate of Judgment is proof that you have a court order you can enforce. It’s usually used if you need to enforce an order in a different court than where you got the original order.

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