glossary

Glossary

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Title: charge
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A charge is a formal accusation of an offence. When the police “charge” you with an offence, they are accusing you of committing a crime. If you're charged, the court will have an information for your case. This is the formal charging document which lists the offences the police say you've committed.

Title: child support
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Child support is the amount of money that one parent pays to the other parent to support their child financially. The money is paid to the parent who has the child living with them most of the time. The person who pays child support is called the payor parent.

The amount of child support that the payor parent pays is usually based on the Child Support Guidelines.

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The Child Support Guidelines are the rules used to calculate how much child support a parent pays to help support their child financially.

The Guidelines include amounts of monthly child support that are based on the income of the parent who is paying support and the number of children they have to support. There is a separate table with amounts for each province. The table amounts cover expenses like clothes, food, and basic school supplies.

The Guidelines also include special or extraordinary expenses that may be paid in addition to the table amounts.

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A Children's Aid Society (CAS) is a government agency that has a legal duty to make sure that children are protected from harm. In some places in Ontario, these agencies are called Child and Family Services.

Title: civil court
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A civil court deals with non-criminal matters, such as when a person sues someone else.

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Civil forfeiture is a process in civil court where a judge decides on a balance of probabilities whether or not the police have to return items that they took from you. The judge will decide that the police can keep the items, if it’s “more likely than not” that the item was:

  • bought with money made from a crime, or
  • used to commit a crime.
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A claim number is the unique number that the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board (WSIB) gives to each injury you report. It’s on the first letter that you get from the WSIB and all other WSIB documents about your injury.

Title: Claimant
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A claimant is somebody who is getting or claiming EI benefits.

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When you apply for a job or volunteer position, you might be asked for a criminal record check. Instead of a criminal record check, you may be able to get a clearance letter from your local police.

A clearance letter confirms that as of the date of the letter, you don’t have any:

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A closing statement is a summary of your evidence that you give the judge to tell them why you should get the court order you're asking for. It can only refer to the evidence that you, your partner, or other witnesses talked about at trial. It cannot contain any new information.

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