glossary

Glossary

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Title: commissioned
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When a document is "commissioned", it is signed in front of a commissioner of oaths. A commissioner of oaths has the power to certify a document that presents what someone says is true, such as an affidavit.

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A common-law relationship is one where partners of the same or opposite sex live together in a marriage-like relationship, without being married. This is sometimes called "cohabiting". You don't have to live together for a certain amount of time to be in a common-law relationship. But the law gives different rights to common-law partners depending on how long they've lived together or whether they have a child together.

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People who get Ontario Works (OW) assistance may have to do community placements.

Community placements are sometimes called “community participation” or “voluntary placement”.

People in community placements work at non-profit, community, or public organizations. Examples of these types of organizations are schools, daycare centres, food banks, libraries, and community centres.

Title: complainant
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The complainant is the victim of a criminal offence. For example, in an assault case, the complainant is the person who was assaulted.

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A conditional discharge is a type of sentence. A conditional discharge means that the court found you guilty, but you don’t get a criminal record. Part of your sentence will include probation  for up to 3 years. Your probation will require you to follow specific conditions. If you don’t, you might get a criminal record and a tougher sentence or be charged with another criminal offence. A sentence is the punishment that the court gives you if you’re found guilty. Conditional discharges are automatically removed from the Canadian Police Information Centre computer system 3 years after the court’s decision.

Title: consent order
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A consent order is a type of court order that is based what the parties in a court case agree to.

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A consolidation loan is when you combine most or all of your debts into a single, new loan. Consolidation loans almost always have a lower monthly payment, lower interest rate, or both, than credit cards or payday loans. Banks and credit unions usually offer these loans.

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Constructive dismissal happens when your employer makes a fundamental change to your work situation and you don't agree or accept it. Because of this, your work or your conditions at work change so much that it's like you've been fired.

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A consumer proposal is a legal process to help you get out of debt. A Licensed Insolvency Trustee helps you make a plan to give to your unsecured creditors.

If a creditor accepts your plan, one or both of the following happens:

  • you pay only part of what you owe them
  • you have more time to pay them back
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A credit reporting agency is a business that keeps a record of your credit history. It also calculates your credit score. The two main credit reporting agencies in Canada are Equifax and TransUnion.

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