glossary

Glossary

A (38) | B (15) | C (68) | D (38) | E (17) | F (13) | G (4) | H (9) | I (18) | J (4) | L (12) | M (27) | N (13) | O (14) | P (39) | Q (2) | R (29) | S (53) | T (18) | U (11) | V (1) | W (8)
Title: bail hearing
Body:

A bail hearing is when the person charged with a crime goes to court after they have been arrested. At court, they ask a judge or justice of the peace to decide whether the police can continue to keep them in jail, or whether they must let you go.

The judge might give you "conditions" that you must follow if they let you go. For example, the court might order them to stay away from their partner.

Title: bail hearing
Topic:
Body:

You’ll have a bail hearing if the police keep you in custody after they arrest you. Being in custody means that you’re not free to go. At a bail hearing, a judge or justice of the peace decides if you will be held in custody while the court is considering your case, or if you will be allowed to go.

Title: bail program
Topic:
Body:

The bail program helps people in bail court who don’t have anyone they can ask to be their surety. Through the bail program, the accused person is supervised. They must report to a caseworker at regular intervals and follow other conditions if they're told to. This helps address the court's concerns about releasing the accused person. The bail program is a stricter type of release than being released on your own recognizance.

Title: bail review
Topic:
Body:

A bail review is an appeal of an original bail decision and a new bail hearing that happens at the same time in the Superior Court of Justice. A judge in the Superior Court decides if you're eligible for a bail review. Then the judge decides if your original bail decision should be changed.

You can apply for a bail review if:

  • you were denied bail at your original bail hearing, or
  • the Crown does not agree with a change you want to make to a condition of your bail.

To be eligible for a bail review, you must be able to show that:

  • an error of law was made during your original bail hearing, or
  • there has been a material change in your circumstances.

A material change in circumstances is a big change in your life that makes your plan of release more suitable. For example, you may have someone who will be a surety for you now who was not able to before.

Title: balance
Body:

Balance, when talking about money, can be:

  • the amount of money you have in a bank account, or
  • the amount of money you owe to a creditor

For example, the balance on your credit card is the total amount of money you owe.

Topic:
Body:

Balance of probabilities is the standard or legal test of proof usually required in a family law case. The judge has to decide who is more believable - you or your partner.

Topic:
Body:

Balance of probabilities describes the way a judge makes decisions about some legal issues. Proving something on a balance of probabilities means that it is more likely than not to have happened.

It’s easier to show proof on a balance of probabilities than to show proof beyond a reasonable doubt, which is what has to happen for you to be convicted of a criminal offence.

Topic:
Body:

Balance of probabilities is the standard of proof usually required in hearings at the Landlord and Tenant Board and other non-criminal courts and tribunals. The tribunal has to decide whose evidence is more believable – yours or your landlord’s.

Title: bankruptcy
Body:

Bankruptcy is a legal process. When you begin the bankruptcy process, it’s called filing for bankruptcy. When you file for bankruptcy someone called a Licensed Insolvency Trustee decides what you have to pay your creditors.

When you file for bankruptcy, you can keep some of your assets, such as furniture, pension funds, and registered retirement savings plans (RRSPs) that you’ve had for over 12 months.

But you may not be able to keep other assets, such as your home and RRSP contributions that you made within the 12 months before you filed for bankruptcy.

Body:

A bargaining unit is a group of employees that is represented by a union.

Parlez Français