glossary

Glossary

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Title: re-examine
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Re-examination is when a party, or their lawyer if they have one, gets to question their own witnesses again. This is done after direct examination and cross-examination. They can only ask the witness about anything new that was discussed in cross-examination.

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Before doing specific things, like charging you with a criminal offence or conducting a search, the police must have reasons to believe that you:

  • could have committed a criminal offence, or
  • have evidence or weapons related to a criminal offence.

Their reasons must be based on reliable information. Having reasonable and probable grounds is more than having a hunch or suspicion, but less than being able to show a balance of probabilities.

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Reasonable arrangements for the children mean that money or financial plans have been made to look after the children from a marriage. For example, plans have been made for child support.

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Before you can be found guilty of a criminal offence, the Crown must prove your guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. "Beyond a reasonable doubt" describes how sure a judge or jury must be to find you guilty of a criminal offence. Proving something "beyond a reasonable doubt" is much closer to absolute certainty than being able to show a balance of probabilities.

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Before doing specific things, like charging you with a criminal offence or conducting a search, the police must have reasons to believe you:

  • could have committed a criminal offence, or
  • have evidence or weapons related to a criminal offence.

Their reasons must be based on reliable information. Having reasonable grounds is more than having a hunch or suspicion, but less than being able to show a balance of probabilities.

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Reasons for judgment is a judge's written or oral explanation of a decision they have made. If a judge gives oral reasons, they read the reasons for judgment out loud in court. The parties may order a transcript from the court to get a copy of the judge's reasons.

Title: recognizance
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This is a type of release from custody. If you've been released from custody after a bail hearing, you will get a recognizance of bail. This document states the terms under which you have been released. It says when you must go to the court. It may also include conditions of your release. For example, you may be required to be home during certain hours. A recognizance requires you or your surety to pledge a specific amount of money as a security before you're released.

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A “reconsideration” is when you ask Service Canada to review a decision about your Canada Pension Plan (CPP) disability benefits. You must ask for a reconsideration within 90 days of getting the decision you disagree with.

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The Record of Employment is a form that your employer must fill out every time you experience an interruption of earnings. The Record of Employment has information like how long you worked for your employer, how many hours you worked, and how much money you earned. Your employer has to choose from a list of reasons why you stopped working or stopped being paid. For example, you might have quit, got fired, been laid off, or be taking a leave of absence from work.

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A record suspension used to be called a pardon. If you have a criminal record, you may be able to apply to the Parole Board of Canada for a record suspension. If you get a record suspension, your criminal record is not erased. But it is set aside and you can say you don't have one.

There are rules about how long you have to wait to apply and what you need to show for your application to be successful.

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