glossary

Glossary

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A search warrant is an order from a court that lets the police search a specific place for specific items.

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A “secondary designated offence” is a serious offence, such as assault, uttering threats, and serious drug related offences. If you’re convicted of a secondary designated offence, the court may ask for a DNA sample from you. If a sample is taken, a record of your DNA sample will be kept the National DNA Data Bank.

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If you're arrested and held for a bail hearing while already on a recognizance of bail, the Crown can apply to have the recognizance of bail cancelled. They do this by making an application under section 524 of the Criminal Code. If the Crown does this, your bail hearing will address both your new charges, and the charges for which you previously had bail.

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A secured creditor is any person or business that holds collateral for money you owe them. For example, a mortgage lender is a secured creditor because they hold your house as security for the loan, and can take your house if you do not pay your mortgage loan.

Title: secured debt
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A secured debt is when you owe money to a person or business that is guaranteed with collateral. For example, a car loan is a secured debt because your lender can take your car if you do not pay back the loan.

Title: seizure
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Seizure is when an enforcement officer lawfully takes land or personal property to pay for money owed because of a court order. Often, the property is sold and the money is used to pay the creditor.

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You are being self-incriminating if you do or say something that could:

  • lead to you being charged with a criminal offence
  • be used against you in court
Title: sentence
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A sentence is the punishment that a criminal court gives to a person who is found guilty of a crime.

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A separation agreement, sometimes called a domestic contract, is a written contract that partners can make after they have separated or divorced that says how they will deal with their issues. For example, it can say how much spousal support and child support one partner will pay the other, and who will have custody of or access to the children. A separation agreement can deal with some or all of your family law issues.

Title: serve
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Give or deliver a document to someone. Usually the law sets out what methods you can use to give or deliver the document, who must be served, and the deadline for serving it.

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