Glossary

damages

In Tribunals and Courts

Damages is money awarded by the court to make up for injury or loss that a party suffered.

debt settlement company

In Debt and Consumer Rights

Debt settlement companies are businesses that promise to help you get rid of your debts. They usually charge you a fee to negotiate with your creditors and make a repayment plan.

debtor

In Debt and Consumer Rights, Tribunals and Courts

A debtor is someone who owes money. For example, a debtor can be someone who owes money on a mortgage, car loan, line of credit, phone bill, or credit card.

debts

In Debt and Consumer Rights, Family Law, Tribunals and Courts, Wills and Powers of Attorney

Debts are money that a person owes, for example, a mortgage, line of credit, or car loan.

decision-making responsibility

In Family Law, Wills and Powers of Attorney

Decision-making responsibility is the right to make important decisions about how to care for and raise a child. It includes the right to make decisions about the child’s health, education, religion, and important extra-curricular activities. Decision-making responsibility used to be called custody

The parents can agree to or the court can give:

  • one parent all decision-making responsibility,
  • 2 or more parents decision-making responsibility, or
  • different parents separate responsibilities, for example, one parent makes decisions about the child’s health and another parent makes decisions about the child’s religion.
deed

In Debt and Consumer Rights

A deed is a legal document that proves you are the owner of a specific piece of land (real estate).

default

In Debt and Consumer Rights

Being in default is when you don’t do something you legally agreed to do. For example, defaulting on a loan means that you didn’t pay back some or all of the money that you owed in the time you were supposed to pay it. 

default hearing

In Family Law

A default hearing is a court hearing where the person who pays support has to explain why they haven’t been making support payments.

defendant

In Tribunals and Courts

The defendant is the person or company being sued in court.

defendant

In Criminal Law

In civil court, a defendant is the person or company being sued. In criminal court, a defendant is the person who’s been charged with a crime.

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