Glossary - Housing Law

accommodate

In Employment and Work, Health and Disability, Housing Law, Human Rights, Income Assistance, Tribunals and Courts

Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers, landlords, and service providers must do what they can to remove barriers that cause people to be treated differently because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code.

The legal word for this is accommodation. Examples of personal differences include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability.

This could mean doing things differently for you so that you are treated equally. For example, you might need a wheelchair ramp to get inside a building. Or you might not be able to wear the same uniform as other workers because of your religion.

But an employer or landlord might not have to do something if they can prove that it will cause them undue hardship.

accommodation

In Employment and Work, Health and Disability, Housing Law, Human Rights, Income Assistance, Tribunals and Courts

Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers, landlords, and service providers must do what they can to remove barriers that cause people to be treated differently because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code.

 The legal word for this is accommodation. Examples of personal include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability. 

This could mean doing things differently for you so that you are treated equally. For example, you might need a wheelchair ramp to get inside a building. Or you might not be able to wear the same uniform as other workers because of your religion.

But an employer or landlord might not have to do something if they can prove that it will cause them undue hardship. 

affidavit

In Housing Law

An affidavit is a sworn statement in writing. The person making the statement must sign it after they swear an oath or promise to tell the truth, just as if they were a witness in a courtroom.

application

In Housing Law, Human Rights

A way to start a case at a court or tribunal, or to ask a court or tribunal to make a decision about a dispute. For example, if a landlord wants a tenant to move out and the tenant does not move, the landlord can make an application to the Landlord and Tenant Board. Or if a tenant can’t get their landlord to do needed repairs, the tenant can make an application to the Board. Application can also refer to the actual form or document used to start a case.

assign

In Housing Law

Give your rented home permanently to a new tenant, who is called your assignee. The new tenant takes over all your responsibilities such as paying rent. Usually you need the landlord’s permission. Assigning means you have no right to move back in. It is often mistakenly called subletting, but subletting is something different.

balance of probabilities

In Housing Law

Balance of probabilities is the standard of proof usually required in hearings at the Landlord and Tenant Board and other non-criminal courts and tribunals. The tribunal has to decide whose evidence is more believable – yours or your landlord’s.

by-law

In Housing Law

A rule passed by a city or town council. For example, most cities or towns in Ontario have “property standards” by-laws, which say that buildings must be kept in good repair. Tenants have the right to have their landlords comply with these standards. Some by-laws might say how many people are allowed to live in one apartment, depending on its size.

Corporations (companies) also have by-laws. For example, a housing co-operative or a condominium corporation might have by-laws that affect the rights of tenants, members, or owners.

care home

In Housing Law

A rented place to live where the landlord provides care services or makes them available to the tenants. Examples of care services are nursing care, supervision of medications, attendant care, and help with daily living activities. A tenant is a care home tenant only if getting the services was a reason they moved there. Retirement homes for seniors are a common type of care home.

declaration

In Housing Law

A declaration is a written statement. The person making the statement must sign it. They must also promise that:

  • the statement is true,
  • there’s nothing misleading or false in it, and
  • they have not deliberately forgotten to include any important information.
deposit

In Housing Law

Money you give someone for them to hold and to count towards something you will have to pay later. In Ontario, the only deposit a landlord can make you give them is the amount of rent for one period. Usually this means one month’s rent. The landlord can only use this for the last rent payment before the tenancy ends. It is often called a security deposit, last month’s rent deposit, or LMR.

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