Glossary - Human Rights

accommodate

In Employment and Work, Health and Disability, Housing Law, Human Rights, Income Assistance, Tribunals and Courts

Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers, landlords, and service providers must do what they can to remove barriers that cause people to be treated differently because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code.

The legal word for this is accommodation. Examples of personal differences include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability.

This could mean doing things differently for you so that you are treated equally. For example, you might need a wheelchair ramp to get inside a building. Or you might not be able to wear the same uniform as other workers because of your religion.

But an employer or landlord might not have to do something if they can prove that it will cause them undue hardship.

accommodation

In Employment and Work, Health and Disability, Housing Law, Human Rights, Income Assistance, Tribunals and Courts

Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers, landlords, and service providers must do what they can to remove barriers that cause people to be treated differently because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code.

 The legal word for this is accommodation. Examples of personal include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability. 

This could mean doing things differently for you so that you are treated equally. For example, you might need a wheelchair ramp to get inside a building. Or you might not be able to wear the same uniform as other workers because of your religion.

But an employer or landlord might not have to do something if they can prove that it will cause them undue hardship. 

ageism

In Abuse and Family Violence, Elder abuse, Human Rights, Discrimination when receiving services, Types of discrimination, Age

Ageism refers to negative attitudes and stereotypes of people who are older, and discrimination against people because of their age.

For example, it’s ageism if:

  • an employer does not hire someone because the person is older and the employer thinks the person has less value than a younger worker
  • a health-care practitioner talks to an older adult’s family member or caregiver when the person is mentally capable of deciding about their own treatment
application

In Housing Law, Human Rights

A way to start a case at a court or tribunal, or to ask a court or tribunal to make a decision about a dispute. For example, if a landlord wants a tenant to move out and the tenant does not move, the landlord can make an application to the Landlord and Tenant Board. Or if a tenant can’t get their landlord to do needed repairs, the tenant can make an application to the Board. Application can also refer to the actual form or document used to start a case.

disability

In Employment and Work, Housing Law, Human Rights

In Ontario’s human rights laws, the term disability includes many conditions. For example, a disability can be a physical condition, a mental condition, a learning disability, a developmental disability, or a mental illness. Disability also includes being addicted to or dependent on drugs or alcohol.

You could be born with a disability. Or, you could have a disability because you were sick or injured.

discrimination

In Employment and Work, Housing Law, Human Rights, Income Assistance, Tribunals and Courts

Discrimination happens when an employer, landlord, service provider, or organization you are a member of harasses you, treats you differently or unfairly, or refuses to accommodate you because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code. Examples of personal differences include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability.  

Examples of discrimination include when an employer refuses to accommodate your disability in a way that would not cause them undue hardship. Or a landlord refuses to rent to you because of your ethnic origin. Or a travel agent refuses to serve you because of your sexual orientation. Or a trade union refuses to let you join because of your disability.

evict

In Housing Law, Human Rights

Tell or force a tenant to move out. A Notice of Termination from a landlord is often called an eviction notice, even though it does not force the tenant to move out. A Landlord and Tenant Board order forcing a tenant to move out is often called an eviction order.

gender expression

In Human Rights

Gender expression is how you publicly express and present your gender. This can include behaviour and outward appearance such as dress, hair, make-up, body language, and voice. Your chosen name and pronouns like she, he, or they are also common ways of expressing your gender. Some people take hormones and may have surgery to change their body so it matches their gender identity.

Gender expression is not related to your sexual orientation. Sexual orientation is about who you’re attracted to.

gender identity

In Human Rights

Gender identity is your internal and individual experience of yourself that can include being a woman, a man, both, neither, or something else on the gender spectrum. Your gender identity might be the same as the one you were assigned at birth or it might be different.

Gender identity is not the same as sexual orientation. Sexual orientation is about who you’re attracted to.

grievance

In Employment and Work, Human rights at work, Human Rights, Types of discrimination

A grievance is an official complaint by a union against an employer. Grievances are decided by arbitrators, who are private judges hired by the union and the employer. Arbitrators hear your complaint and decide whether it happened. If you win, the arbitrator can order your employer to pay you money, change workplace rules, or stop doing something that’s not fair to you.

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