glossary

Glossary

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Shared custody is when you and your former spouse or partner spend close to equal time with your child. The Canada Revenue Agency looks at whether parents share custody when deciding if Canada child benefit payments should be split between the two parents.

Shared custody is different than what’s called “joint custody” in family law.

Title: Sheriff
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The Sheriff is a government official who enforces or carries out certain kinds of orders made by courts and tribunals. After the Landlord and Tenant Board makes an order to evict a tenant, the Sheriff can make the tenant leave. The law does not let the landlord, private bailiffs, security guards, or police do this. But the Sheriff can ask the police for help if the Sheriff thinks there might be violence.

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A Sheriff’s Demand is when an enforcement officer requests money from the court clerk in order to give it to the creditor.

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This is a different name for a bail hearing. At a show cause hearing, a judge or justice of the peace decides if you can be let out of custody or must remain in custody until your trial. You will have a bail hearing if the police officer who arrested you decides to not let you leave the police station.

It is called a "show cause hearing" because, depending on the circumstances:

  • the prosecutor must explain why you should be held in custody until your trial, or
  • you must explain why your plan satisfies the court’s concerns about releasing you.
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Small Claims Court is a court that hears cases that involve sums of $35,000 or less. You can sue or be sued by a person or a business in Small Claims Court. You do not need a lawyer to go to Small Claims Court, but it is better to get legal help.

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If you disagree with a decision by Ontario Works (OW) or the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP), you may be able to appeal to the Social Benefits Tribunal (SBT).

The SBT is not part of OW or ODSP and can decide that an OW or ODSP decision is wrong.

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A Social Insurance Number (SIN) is a 9-digit number that you need to work in Canada or to use government programs and get benefits.

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You may be able to appeal to the Social Security Tribunal if you don’t agree with a decision about the Canada Pension Plan, Employment Insurance, or Old Age Security. The Tribunal is independent from Service Canada.

When you appeal to the Tribunal, you start with the General Division. Then, if you think that the General Division has made an error, you may be able to appeal to the Appeal Division.

Title: society care
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A child is in society care when they are in the care and custody of the Children’s Aid Society for a certain amount of time. A child can’t be in society care for more than 12 months. If CAS has to care for them longer than 12 months, they have to be in extended society care.

Title: sole custody
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Sole custody is a type of custody where only one parent has the right to make important decisions about how to care for and raise a child. It includes the right to make decisions about the child's health, education, and religion.

The parent with sole custody may have to discuss the issue with the other parent before making an important decision. But the parent with sole custody can make the decision even if the other parent disagrees.

Other people, for example, grandparents, can also apply to the court for custody.

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