A charge is a formal accusation of an offence. When the police “charge” you with an offence, they are accusing you of committing a crime. If you're charged, the court will have an information for your case. This is the formal charging document which lists the offences the police say you've committed.
This form may be part of your disclosure. It is also known as a crown screening form. The form tells you how the Crown plans to deal with your charges, including:
- what kind of sentence the Crown will ask for
- whether some of your charges will be dropped if you plead guilty early
- whether you've been approved for diversion
This information will help you decide how you want to deal with your charges.
This is a type of pre-trial motion made to ask for a remedy for a violation of your Charter rights. This includes your right:
- to a lawyer
- to be presumed innocent until you're proven guilty in a fair and public hearing by an impartial court
- to be given a trial within a reasonable amount of time
- to be free from unreasonable searches
If you can show the Court that your rights were violated, evidence obtained through the violations might not be allowed as evidence at your trial. The Court can also stop a prosecution and stay charges where there were serious Charter breaches.
This is a child who has been or is at risk of being harmed because of something that their parent or caregiver has done or not done.
The law says a child is “in need of protection” only when one or more specific conditions are met. For example, it says a child might be in need of protection if at least one of the following is true:
- they suffered from physical harm because of what a parent did
- there is a risk that they will likely suffer physical harm because of what a parent does
- they have been sexually abused by a parent
- there is a risk that they will likely be sexually abused by a parent
If the court decides that a child is in need of protection, it can make an order that it thinks in in the child’s best interests. For example, it can order that the child be placed in the care of the Children’s Aid Society.
Child support is the amount of money that one parent pays to the other parent to support their child financially. The money is paid to the parent who has the child living with them most of the time. The person who pays child support is called the payor parent.
The amount of child support that the payor parent pays is usually based on the Child Support Guidelines.
The Child Support Guidelines are the rules used to calculate how much child support a parent pays to help support their child financially.
The Guidelines include amounts of monthly child support that are based on the income of the parent who is paying support and the number of children they have to support. There is a separate table with amounts for each province. The table amounts cover expenses like clothes, food, and basic school supplies.
The Guidelines also include special or extraordinary expenses that may be paid in addition to the table amounts.
The Children’s Aid Society (CAS) has a legal duty to make sure that children are protected from harm. The government has given them this job. In some places in Ontario, CAS is called Child and Family Services.
Most people who apply to become Canadian citizens have to show that they have enough knowledge of Canada and what it means to be a Canadian citizen. They usually do this by passing a written test that's called the citizenship test.
A civil court deals with non-criminal matters, such as when a person sues someone else.
Civil enforcement is the enforcement of court orders, such as court ordered fines or restitution orders, by enforcement officers.
If you do not pay your fines, an enforcement officer can:
- identify property that can be taken and sold to pay the fines
- carry out written court orders to take and sell the property