glossary

Glossary

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Title: indictment
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Most criminal offences are “hybrid” offences. This means the Crown uses the specific facts of each case to decide if to prosecute the case as a summary offence or as an indictable offence:

  1. Summary offences are considered less serious. They go to the Ontario Court of Justice where the court process is simpler and faster. There is never a jury. A judge decides the case on their own. The maximum sentence is 2 years in jail, or a $5000 fine, or both.
     
  2. Indictable offences are considered more serious. They go to the Superior Court of Justice where the court process is more complicated and takes longer. Some cases are decided by a jury and some by a judge. The maximum sentence is often longer than 2 years in jail.

The youth court process and youth sentences are different.

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Informed consent is a special type of permission that you can give the police to search you, your home or business. For you to give permission with informed consent, you must understand:

  • what the police are asking you to do
  • what might happen if you agree to let them search, and
  • that you don’t have to give them permission.
Title: inheritance
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An inheritance is money or other property that you get from someone who has died. It can include life insurance money that you get when someone dies.

Most inheritances come from a parent, another relative, or a close friend.

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Insurable employment means a job that is covered by the EI system. Most jobs are automatically covered by the EI system if you are an employee. You are automatically covered even if you don’t have a written contract and it does not matter how you are paid. If you are a contractor who works for yourself, you are usually not covered but there are many exceptions.

Title: interest
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Interest is a percentage fee that you pay to your creditor in exchange for the money they lend, or that you pay because you didn’t pay a bill on time. For example, you might be charged interest each month on a student loan, credit card balance, or mortgage. In addition to interest, you may also have to pay other late fees.

The amount of interest that is charged each month is usually a set percentage of the money you have been lent. The percentage is called an “interest rate”.  

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Interim assistance is financial help you might be able to get while you wait for the Social Benefits Tribunal to decide your appeal.

Title: interim order
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Title: interim order
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 An interim order is a temporary order made by the Landlord and Tenant Board. It usually lasts for a certain amount of time, until a certain event happens, or until the Board makes a final order in the case.

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An intermittent sentence is a sentence where you serve part of your time in jail, for example, on weekends, and part of your time in the community. While in the community, you must follow the terms of a probation order. An intermittent sentence is only available if the total length of your sentence is 90 days or less.

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Before you can appeal a decision about assistance from Ontario Works (OW) or the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP), you must ask for an internal review of the decision.

Someone in the office that made the decision reviews it and decides whether or not to change it. This is a different person than the one who made the decision you disagree with.

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