You're convicted of a crime when a judge or jury decides that you're guilty. For you to be convicted of a crime, the Crown must prove these two elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

  • an action that is against the law – this is called the actus reus
  • a guilty state of mind when breaking the law – this is called the mens rea

The sentence you get may mean you have a permanent criminal record. If you're sentenced to an absolute discharge or conditional discharge, you will have a temporary criminal record.  


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