glossary

Glossary

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Identity theft is when someone uses your identity without your permission. For example, an identity thief may use your SIN number, credit cards, or name and personal information. Often, identity theft is used to steal money, buy things, or open accounts in your name. There are many ways that your identity can be stolen.

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The Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) is an independent tribunal and not part of the government. It holds hearings and makes decisions on immigration and refugee matters. It has 4 parts, called divisions:

The IRB is separate from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada and the Canada Border Services Agency.

Title: impaired
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Impaired driving is a crime. The law says that someone is impaired if their ability to drive is affected by alcohol or a drug.

Title: impute income
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Imputing income is when the court decides how much income a person makes or should be making. This figure is different from the income the person says they earn.

For example, if a person says that they have no income, but there is proof that they earn income in cash that they do not report on their income taxes, the judge can impute income. Or if a person quit their job so they wouldn't have to pay support, the judge can impute income.

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If you’re not a Canadian citizen, you have to meet the requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act if you want to enter or remain in Canada. Being inadmissible to Canada means that you don’t meet the requirements.

There are different requirements depending on the immigration status that you’re trying to get or keep. 

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If you’re not a Canadian citizen, you have to meet the requirements of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act if you want to enter or remain in Canada. Being inadmissible to Canada means that you don’t meet the requirements.

There are different requirements depending on the immigration status that you’re trying to get or keep.

Title: income
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Income is how much money you get from any source. For example, income includes money you earn from a job, support payments, government benefits like workers’ compensation, or money that family or friends give you as a gift.

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Income support is money you get from the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) to help pay for living expenses, like housing and food. It also helps pay for some prescription drugs and may help pay for some dental services.

And some people can get:

  • extra money to help pay for a special diet
  • other benefits, such as costs for travelling to medical appointments
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Independent legal advice (ILA) is when you get your own legal advice from a lawyer. The advice is independent because your lawyer is only working for you. A different lawyer works for the other parent or any other party.

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Indictable offences are more serious than summary offences. Examples of indictable offences include stealing something worth more than $5000, breaking and entering, manslaughter, and murder.

The court process for indictable offences is more complicated than for summary offences. For indictable offences, you will get to choose how certain parts of the court process work. For example you may get to choose whether to have a trial in the Ontario Court of Justice or in the Superior Court of Justice; whether to have a judge or a jury; and whether to have a preliminary inquiry.

Most offences are actually "hybrid" offences. This means the Crown can choose whether the case should follow the simpler summary offence process or the more complex indictable offence process.

Indictable offences can have long jail sentences for adults. But youth sentences are different.

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