glossary

Glossary

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A procedural order is an order for something that helps move your case along. For example, an order that has a timeline for you and your partner to exchange certain documents, or an order that gives you more time to file documents with the court.

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A process server is someone who is in the business of serving or giving documents to a party involved in a court case. To find process servers in your area, look in the yellow pages or visit www.canada411.ca and search for "process server".

Title: prohibition
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A prohibition is something that a court order forbids you from doing. For example, if you committed a violent offence, you will probably not be allowed to own a weapon for 5 or 10 years. The prohibition is usually given as part of a sentence. A sentence is the punishment that the court gives you if you’re found guilty.

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A promise to appear is a legal document that you sign. It says that you promise to go to court on a specific date.

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Property division is the process of dividing a married couple's assets and debts. This usually happens after they separate or divorce.

Married couples usually share the value of their property. This means that the partner who has more property usually pays money to the partner who has less property. Usually, the property itself is not physically divided.

This is not true for people in a common-law relationship. They usually don't have to share the value of their property if they separate.

Title: prosecute
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This means having legal proceedings against someone accused of a crime to see if that person is guilty.

Title: prosecutor
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Crown prosecutors are lawyers employed by the Criminal Justice Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General. They are also known as the Crown, prosecutors, or Crown counsel.

Crown prosecutors present the case against you at court. They will try and prove the allegations against you beyond a reasonable doubt by calling witnesses to testify in court. They have a responsibility to make sure that the evidence is presented fairly. The Crown’s job is not about winning or losing.

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A protected person is someone who:

Most people who have a successful Pre-Removal Risk Assessment are also protected persons. But this is not true if they're inadmissible to Canada for certain reasons, for example, they're considered a security risk. In that situation, they're not ordered to leave Canada, but Canada Border Services Agency can review the decision to let them remain in Canada.

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A protection application is when the Children’s Aid Society starts a court case against a child’s parent because they think that the child is in need of protection.

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Provincial correctional facilities are run by the Government of Ontario. They’re for people who are:

  • in custody while waiting for their trial on criminal charges, or
  • serving a sentence of less than 2 years.

They include correctional centres, detention centres, jails, and treatment centres.

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