glossary

Glossary

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When a workplace includes workers who belong to a union, a collective agreement sets out conditions of employment, such as wages, hours of work, and overtime pay. The collective agreement includes the process that workers need to use if the employer does not follow the agreement.

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Collective bargaining is the process that unionized workers and employers go through to set the conditions of employment, such as wages, hours of work, and overtime pay.

Title: commissioned
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When a document is "commissioned", it is signed in front of a commissioner of oaths. A commissioner of oaths has the power to certify a document that presents what someone says is true, such as an affidavit.

Title: committal
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A committal after a preliminary hearing means that the judge has decided that there is some evidence that a judge or jury could use to convict you at a trial. You will be ordered to stand trial in the Superior Court of Justice.

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Canadian immigration law has its own definition of common-law partner. It's someone of the same or opposite sex who you've lived with, for at least a year, in a conjugal or marriage-like relationship. It also includes a conjugal partner if you could not live together because of legal restrictions, or because you would be persecuted.

For example, you might come from a country where your relationship is against the law.

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A common-law relationship is one where partners of the same or opposite sex live together in a marriage-like relationship, without being married. This is sometimes called "cohabiting". You don't have to live together for a certain amount of time to be in a common-law relationship. But the law gives different rights to common-law partners depending on how long they've lived together or whether they have a child together.

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People who get Ontario Works (OW) assistance may have to do community placements.

Community placements are sometimes called “community participation” or “voluntary placement”.

People in community placements work at non-profit, community, or public organizations. Examples of these types of organizations are schools, daycare centres, food banks, libraries, and community centres.

Title: complainant
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This is a person who alleges that they are the victim of a criminal offence. For example, in an assault case, the complainant is the person who says they were assaulted.

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A conditional discharge is a type of sentence. A conditional discharge means that the court found you guilty, but you don’t get a criminal record. Part of your sentence will include probation  for up to 3 years. Your probation will require you to follow specific conditions. If you don’t, you might get a criminal record and a tougher sentence or be charged with another criminal offence. A sentence is the punishment that the court gives you if you’re found guilty. Conditional discharges are automatically removed from the Canadian Police Information Centre computer system 3 years after the court’s decision.

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Getting a conditional sentence means that you don't serve your sentence in custody, for example, in jail. You serve your sentence in the community and there are strict conditions that you must follow. Some people call this "house arrest".

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