glossary

Glossary

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This is a criminal offence. It is a serious criminal offence to cause someone to fear for their safety by:

  • repeatedly follow someone from place to place
  • repeatedly communicating with someone, directly or indirectly
  • watching the home, or place where a person lives, works, or happens to be, or
  • engaging in threatening conduct directed at someone or a member of their family

If you are convicted, you can be sentenced to up to 10 years in jail.

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Cross-examination is when one party, or their lawyer if they have one, questions the other party's witnesses. The purpose of cross-examination is to test how true and reliable a witness' answers are.

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The Crown Attorney, sometimes called the prosecutor, is a government lawyer who presents the case against the person accused of a crime in criminal court. They work for the government and are not the victim's lawyer.

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Crown prosecutors, also known as prosecutors, Crown counsel, or the Crown, are lawyers employed by the Criminal Justice Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General.

The Crown has a duty to make sure that all available legal proof of the facts is presented fairly. The Crown’s job is not about winning or losing. The Crown is an officer of the court, and a member of the Law Society of Ontario.

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This form may be part of your disclosure. It is also known as a charge screening form. The form tells you how the Crown plans to deal with your charges, including:

  • what kind of sentence the Crown will ask for
  • whether some of your charges will be dropped if you plead guilty early
  • whether you've been approved for diversion

This information will help you decide how you want to deal with your charges.

Title: Crown ward
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A Crown ward is a child under the age of 18 years who has been taken away from their parents’ care by the court and is in the care of a children’s aid society (CAS). The CAS makes all of the decisions for the child that their parents would normally make.

Title: curfew
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A curfew means that you are required to be home at certain times, usually overnight, unless you are with your surety. You may be required to follow a curfew as a condition of your recognizance of bail.

Title: custody
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Custody is the right to make important decisions about how to care for and raise a child. It includes the right to make decisions about the child's health, education, and religion. Custody is not about who the child lives with or how much time a child spends with each parent.

There are different types of custody. Sole custody means only one person has the right to make these decisions. Joint custody means two or more people have the right to make these decisions.

Other people can also apply to the court for custody, for example, grandparents.

Title: custody
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When you are in custody it means that you are detained and are not free to go. You may be held in custody by the police, or by correctional officers in jail.

A conditional sentence is also considered custody, even though the restriction on your liberty occurs in the community (usually house arrest).

Title: custody order
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A custody order is a court order. It sets the terms and conditions for the people who are allowed to spend time with a child, or have custody of that child. When a person has custody of a child, they have the right to make important decisions about how to care for that child, such as the child’s education and health care.

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