glossary

Glossary

A (45) | B (19) | C (88) | D (41) | E (21) | F (14) | G (9) | H (12) | I (25) | J (5) | K (1) | L (16) | M (28) | N (20) | O (16) | P (54) | Q (2) | R (32) | S (62) | T (20) | U (11) | V (3) | W (11)
Title: bail review
Topic:
Body:

This is a court proceeding in Superior Court where the result of a bail hearing can be appealed. You can apply for a bail review if you are denied bail at your bail hearing. To succeed, you must show either a change in circumstances or an error of law by the justice of the peace who conducted your original bail hearing.

A change in circumstances is a big change in your life that makes your bail plan more suitable. For example, you may have an additional surety who is able to help supervise you.

Title: balance
Body:

Balance, when talking about money, can be:

  • the amount of money you have in a bank account, or
  • the amount of money you owe to a creditor

For example, the balance on your credit card is the total amount of money you owe.

Topic:
Body:

Balance of probabilities is the standard or legal test of proof usually required in a family law case. The judge has to decide who is more believable - you or your partner.

Topic:
Body:

Balance of probabilities describes the way a judge makes decisions about some legal issues. Proving something on a balance of probabilities means that it is more likely than not to have happened.

It’s easier to show proof on a balance of probabilities than to show proof beyond a reasonable doubt, which is what has to happen for you to be convicted of a criminal offence.

Topic:
Body:

Balance of probabilities is the standard of proof usually required in hearings at the Landlord and Tenant Board and other non-criminal courts and tribunals. The tribunal has to decide whose evidence is more believable – yours or your landlord’s.

Title: bankruptcy
Body:

Bankruptcy is a legal process. When you begin the bankruptcy process, it’s called filing for bankruptcy. When you file for bankruptcy someone called a Licensed Insolvency Trustee decides what you have to pay your creditors.

When you file for bankruptcy, you can keep some of your assets, such as furniture, pension funds, and registered retirement savings plans (RRSPs) that you’ve had for over 12 months.

But you may not be able to keep other assets, such as your home and RRSP contributions that you made within the 12 months before you filed for bankruptcy.

Body:

A bargaining unit is a group of employees that is represented by a union.

Title: bench warrant
Topic:
Body:

This is a type of arrest warrant that can be issued by a judge when you miss a scheduled court date, hearing, or trial. A bench warrant gives the police power to arrest the named person and hold them in custody until they can be brought to court.

Body:

The benefit period is the period of time in which you must collect all the EI benefits you qualify for. The benefit period is usually 52 weeks long, starting on the Sunday before your interruption of earnings. If you apply for EI late, your benefit period might start on the Sunday before you filed your EI application.

Body:

The "best interests of the child" is a legal test that the court uses to decide many things about children. The test is different for different family law issues.

For example, the best interests of the child test in custody and access cases considers things like:

  • the relationship between each parent and the child
  • the emotional ties between each parent and the child
  • how long the child has lived in a stable situation
  • each parent's plan to care for and bring up the child
  • in some cases, the child’s views and wishes 
  • if there has been abuse against any family member or any child

In child protection cases involving the Children’s Aid Society, the best interests of the child test considers:

  • the child’s views and wishes, unless there’s no way to find out what they are
  • the importance of keeping the child’s identity and connection to their community and culture if they are First Nations, Inuk, or Métis, even if they are not an official member of the community
  • anything else that the judge thinks is important, such as the child’s:
    • physical, mental, and emotional needs and the best way to take care of those needs
    • culture and language
    • race, place of origin, colour, ethnic origin, citizenship, family diversity, sex, and sexual orientation

Parlez Français