After you've been charged with a criminal offence, a police officer may give you an "undertaking to an officer in charge", along with a promise to appear. The undertaking to an officer in charge is also known as Form 11.1. It includes conditions similar to those required for bail. For example, you may be required to pledge up to $500 security before you are released.
It can also mean that the parent receiving child support is finding it very hard to support the child with the amount they get according to the Child Support Guidelines.
Undue hardship is difficult to prove. If a parent can prove undue hardship, the court can order an amount that is more or less than what the payor would have usually paid according to the Child Support Guidelines.
Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers and landlords must do what they can to remove barriers that cause people to be treated differently because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code. The legal word for this is accommodation. Examples of personal differences include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability.
But an employer or landlord might not have to do something if they can prove that doing it will cause them undue hardship. For example, it would be undue hardship:
- if the only solution available would cost the employer or landlord too much
- if the only solution would cause a serious risk to the health or safety to other workers or tenants
Temporary absences are a type of release you might get if you're serving a sentence in jail. Temporary absences may be escorted or unescorted. You might be allowed to have a temporary absence for:
- work on a community service project
- contact with family
- personal development
- medical reasons
Unfair business practices are any dishonest way a company gets your business. This includes a company:
- making false or misleading promises to you
- overcharging you for goods
- taking advantage of your disability, languages you don't understand, or challenges you have with reading
- pressuring you to buy their goods or services
A union is an organized group of workers that bargains with an employer to set conditions of employment, such as wages, hours of work, and overtime pay. Sometimes unions are called labour unions or trade unions.
It is a criminal offence to not surrender into custody when you're required to. For example, if you're serving an intermittent sentence and you do not go back to jail on time, a warrant can be issued for your arrest, charging you with unlawfully being at large.
An unsecured creditor is a person or business you owe money to that does not have collateral. This means that if you don’t pay your debt, this creditor cannot automatically take any of your assets to pay for what you owe. Most credit card companies are unsecured creditors. But an unsecured creditor may be able to take your assets eventually, if they get a court judgment against you.