glossary

Glossary

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A cohabitation agreement, sometimes called a domestic contract, is a written contract that non-married partners can make that says how they will deal with their issues while they are living together, after they stop living together, or if one of them dies. They can make this kind of contract before living together, or while living together. For example, a cohabitation agreement can say how much spousal support one partner will pay the other if they separate. It cannot say who will have custody or access to any children.

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Collaborative family law is an alternative dispute resolution process where you and your partner try to solve your issues without going to court. Collaborative family lawyers have special training and agree in writing not to go to court. You and your partner each have your own collaborative family lawyer. They work together with you and your partner to help you agree on your issues. Usually, this happens after many meetings.

If you or your partner cannot agree and later decide to go to court, you cannot use your collaborative family lawyers as your lawyers in court.

Title: collateral
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Collateral is an asset of yours that you use as security for a loan. This means that if you do not pay back the money you borrowed, your creditor can take the collateral as payment instead. For example, a house can be collateral for a mortgage, and a car can be collateral for a car loan.

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A collection agency is a business that tries to collect unpaid debts for creditors. If you aren’t paying back money that you owe, the person or business you owe the money to may hire a collection agency to try to get you to pay the money back.

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When a workplace includes workers who belong to a union, a collective agreement sets out conditions of employment, such as wages, hours of work, and overtime pay. The collective agreement includes the process that workers need to use if the employer does not follow the agreement.

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Collective bargaining is the process that unionized workers and employers go through to set the conditions of employment, such as wages, hours of work, and overtime pay.

Title: commissioned
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When a document is "commissioned", it is signed in front of a commissioner of oaths. A commissioner of oaths has the power to certify a document that presents what someone says is true, such as an affidavit.

Title: committal
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A committal after a preliminary hearing means that the judge has decided that there is some evidence that a judge or jury could use to convict you at a trial. You will be ordered to stand trial in the Superior Court of Justice.

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Canada Pension Plan (CPP) legislation says that a common-law partner is someone you’ve lived with in a conjugal or marriage-like relationship for at least one year. Your partner does not have to be the same sex as you.

To prove that you’re in a common-law relationship, or that you and your spouse lived in a common-law relationship before you got married, you have to fill out the: 

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Canadian immigration law has its own definition of common-law partner. It's someone who you've lived with, for at least one year, in a conjugal or marriage-like relationship. They don’t have to be the same sex as you.

It also includes a conjugal partner, if you could not live together because of laws that would punish you for it, or because you'd be persecuted.

For example, you might come from a country where your relationship is against the law.

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