glossary

Glossary

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Personal information is any facts about you that identify you as a unique individual. Examples of personal information are your name, contact information, social insurance number, birth date, and address. It also includes facts about your race, religion, beliefs, age, sex, marital status, health or criminal history, education, and more.

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Personal property is things you own that are not land or real estate. This includes things like cars, jewelry, furniture, and clothing.

Title: phishing
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Phishing is when an identity thief pretends to be your bank, your employer, a business, or somebody else, and tries to trick you into giving them your personal information. An identity thief may use phone calls, emails, regular mail, or fake websites to get your information.

Title: plaintiff
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If you sue someone in court, you are called the plaintiff. They are called the defendant.

Title: Plea bargain
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A plea bargain is an offer made by the Crown in exchange for a guilty plea. It’s called a “plea bargain” because, if you plead guilty instead of having a trial, you can ask the Crown to drop some of the charges against you, or you can ask for a lighter sentence.

Title: plea inquiry
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A plea inquiry is a series of questions that you must answer before you can plead guilty. The purpose of the plea inquiry is to show the judge that:

  • you are pleading guilty voluntarily and that no one has pressured or forced you to plead guilty
  • you understand what it means to plead guilty, for example, that you are giving up your right to a trial and to have the Crown prove the charges against you beyond a reasonable doubt
  • you are aware of what can happen to you if you plead guilty, for example, that you could go to jail and get a permanent criminal record
Title: plead guilty
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If you plead guilty, you’re accepting responsibility for the crime you’re charged with. You give up your right to have the Crown prove the charge against you beyond a reasonable doubt. After pleading guilty you will have a sentencing hearing.

If you plead not guilty, you have the right to a trial where the Crown has to prove the crime against you beyond a reasonable doubt before the judge can convict you.

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This means that you deny committing the offence(s) that you are charged with. The Crown must decide to either go to trial or to withdraw the charge.

Title: port of entry
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A port of entry is a place where people can enter Canada. Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) decides if a person can come into the country.

Ports of entry include international airports, land border crossings, such as border crossings from the United States, and maritime ports, such as the ports at Vancouver and Halifax.

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If you don't pay what a court order says you owe right away, you will have to pay extra money called post-judgement interest. The interest continues to increase from the time that the judgment is made until you pay all the money that you owe.

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