glossary

Glossary

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A credit reporting agency is a business that keeps a record of your credit history. It also calculates your credit score. The two main credit reporting agencies in Canada are Equifax and TransUnion.

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Contempt of court is when someone does not listen to or respect the court, judge, or other person in a legal proceeding. It can include not following orders, refusing to co-operate with the judge, and lying. You can be fined or sent to jail if you are in contempt of court.

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A Convention refugee is someone who is outside their country and not able or not willing to return. This is because they have good reason to fear that they’ll be persecuted because of:

  • race,
  • religion,
  • nationality,
  • political opinion, or
  • being a member of a particular social group.
Title: convicted
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You're convicted of a crime when a judge or jury decides that you're guilty. For you to be convicted of a crime, the Crown must prove these two elements beyond a reasonable doubt:

  • an action that is against the law – this is called the actus reus
  • a guilty state of mind when breaking the law – this is called the mens rea

The sentence you get may mean you have a permanent criminal record. If you're sentenced to an absolute discharge or conditional discharge, you will have a temporary criminal record.  

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A cooling off period is the amount of time you have to change your mind to cancel a contract without giving a reason and without penalty. Not all contracts have cooling-off periods, or the same cooling off period. 

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A correctional officer is someone who is responsible for the safety, security, and supervision of people serving sentences of 2 years or more in federal prison.

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Cost consequences are when one party has to pay some or all of the legal costs of the other party. Legal costs usually include lawyer's fees. It might also include other costs paid, such as the fee paid to have a pension valued.

The court decides when to make a court order for cost consequences. For example, it might order you to pay some of your partner's costs if it made the court order that your partner asked for.

Title: court clerk
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The court clerk is a person at the courthouse responsible for things like issuing documents, maintaining court files, and setting court dates.

Title: court docket
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A daily list of all the cases that will be addressed in the courtroom on that day. It is usally posted on the courtroom door.

Title: court order
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A court order is a decision made by a judge that requires a party to do something or not do something. A court order can be a temporary order or a final order.

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