glossary

Glossary

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Before doing specific things, like charging you with a criminal offence or conducting a search, the police must have reasons to believe you:

  • could have committed a criminal offence, or
  • have evidence or weapons related to a criminal offence.

Their reasons must be based on reliable information. Having reasonable grounds is more than having a hunch or suspicion, but less than being able to show a balance of probabilities.

"Reasonable and probable grounds" and "reasonable grounds" mean the same thing.

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Reasons for judgment is a judge's written or oral explanation of a decision they have made. If a judge gives oral reasons, they read the reasons for judgment out loud in court. The parties may order a transcript from the court to get a copy of the judge's reasons.

Title: recognizance
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This is a type of release from custody. If you've been released from custody after a bail hearing, you will get a recognizance of bail. This document states the terms under which you have been released. It says when you must go to the court. It may also include conditions of your release. For example, you may be required to be home during certain hours. A recognizance requires you or your surety to pledge a specific amount of money as a security before you're released.

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A “reconsideration” is when you ask Service Canada to review a decision. For example, this could be a decision about Canada Pension Plan (CPP) benefits or payments from the Old Age Security (OAS) program.

Someone at Service Canada reviews the decision and decides whether or not to change it. This is a different person than the one who made the decision you disagree with.

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A reconsideration is when you ask Service Canada to review a decision about your Canada Pension Plan (CPP) disability benefits. You must ask for a reconsideration within 90 days of getting the decision you disagree with.

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A “reconsideration” is when you ask Service Canada to review a decision. For example, this could be a decision about Canada Pension Plan (CPP) benefits or payments from the Old Age Security (OAS) program.

Someone at Service Canada reviews the decision and decides whether or not to change it. This is a different person than the one who made the decision you disagree with.

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The Record of Employment is a form that your employer must fill out every time you experience an interruption of earnings. The Record of Employment has information like how long you worked for your employer, how many hours you worked, and how much money you earned. Your employer has to choose from a list of reasons why you stopped working or stopped being paid. For example, you might have quit, got fired, been laid off, or be taking a leave of absence from work.

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A record of landing, which is also known as a landing paper, is a document that proves a person is a Permanent Resident. It was given to people who were first approved to be permanent residents before July 2002. After July 2002, the document is called a confirmation of permanent residence.

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A record suspension used to be called a pardon. If you have a criminal record, you may be able to apply to the Parole Board of Canada for a record suspension. If you get a record suspension, your criminal record is not erased. But it is set aside and you can say you don't have one.

There are rules about how long you have to wait to apply and what you need to show for your application to be successful.

Title: refurbished
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A refurbished phone or device is one that the company has fixed up to re-sell. Usually the device was owned by someone else and given back to the company.

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