glossary

Glossary

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Permanent residents can lose their status if they don't meet the residency obligation. This means that they can't spend too much time outside Canada. The general rule is that over a period of 5 years, they must be in Canada for at least 2 years. That's the same as 730 days. The 730 days do not have to be one after the other. And part of a day counts as a full day.

In some situations, they can include time spent outside Canada. For example, they may be able to include time spent travelling with a spouse or partner who's a Canadian citizen.

Title: residue
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Residue is what's left of your estate after taxes, debts, specific bequests and legacies are paid.

 

Title: resolution
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A resolution is a way of handling a case without going to trial. For example, if you qualify for resolution:

  • You may be offered diversion
  • Your charges may be stayed or withdrawn.
  • You may be required to make a charitable donation or do community service work.
  • You may decide to plead guilty.
Title: RESP
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A Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP) is a special account you can use to save money for your child’s university, college, or trade school education.

You might get some tax benefits by saving money in this type of account. There are also rules you must follow to put money in the account. 

Title: respondent
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The respondent is the party responding to the family law court case started against them. The party who starts the court case is called the applicant.

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The responding party is the person responding to a motion. The moving party is the person asking the court to make an order after a motion.

Title: restitution
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Restitution means you pay money for the financial loss or property damage you caused when you committed a crime.

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A restraining order is a court order that limits what a person can do in any way the family court thinks is appropriate to your situation. The order might limit where a person can go, or who they can contact or communicate with. For example, it can say one or more of these things:

  • your partner cannot come within 500 metres of you and your children
  • your partner cannot talk to or contact you or your children except through an agency or another person
  • your partner cannot come within 500 metres of your home and work
Title: retainer
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The cost of hiring a lawyer privately. A lawyer usually requires a retainer fee to be paid before they begin working on your case.

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A rented place to live where the residents can get at least 2 care services, most of them are at least 65 years old, and there are at least 6 residents (not counting anyone related to the landlord). Retirement homes are considered care homes, and people who pay rent there are tenants. They are also covered by many other rules in a law called the Retirement Homes Act.

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