glossary

Glossary

A (45) | B (19) | C (88) | D (41) | E (21) | F (14) | G (9) | H (12) | I (25) | J (5) | K (1) | L (16) | M (28) | N (20) | O (16) | P (54) | Q (2) | R (32) | S (62) | T (20) | U (11) | V (3) | W (11)
Title: privilege
Topic:
Body:

This is a special way of treating certain types of information. Information that is privileged cannot be used or shared in court or disclosed to anyone outside of court unless permission is given by the party to whom the privilege attaches. Privilege helps to encourage relationships that are necessary for the proper functioning of the judicial system. This includes relationships between:

  • lawyers and their clients
  • confidential tipsters and the police
Title: probation
Body:

Probation can be something a criminal court orders that you have to do as part of your sentence. A sentence is the punishment the court gives you if you're found guilty.

Probation usually comes with conditions. For example, you may have to report to a probation officer or go to a drug treatment program.

Topic:
Body:

A procedural order is an order for something that helps move your case along. For example, an order that has a timeline for you and your partner to exchange certain documents, or an order that gives you more time to file documents with the court.

Body:

A process server is someone who is in the business of serving or giving documents to a party involved in a court case. To find process servers in your area, look in the yellow pages or visit www.canada411.ca and search for "process server".

Title: prohibition
Topic:
Body:

A prohibition is something that a court order forbids you from doing. For example, if you committed a violent offence, you will probably not be allowed to own a weapon for 5 or 10 years. The prohibition is usually given as part of a sentence. A sentence is the punishment that the court gives you if you’re found guilty.

Topic:
Body:

A promise to appear is a legal document that you sign. It says that you promise to go to court on a specific date.

Topic:
Body:

Property division is the process of dividing a married couple's assets and debts. This usually happens after they separate or divorce.

Married couples usually share the value of their property. This means that the partner who has more property usually pays money to the partner who has less property. Usually, the property itself is not physically divided.

This is not true for people in a common-law relationship. They usually don't have to share the value of their property if they separate.

Title: prosecute
Topic:
Body:

This means having legal proceedings against someone accused of a crime to see if that person is guilty.

Title: prosecutor
Topic:
Body:

Crown prosecutors are lawyers employed by the Criminal Justice Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General. They are also known as the Crown, prosecutors, or Crown counsel.

Crown prosecutors present the case against you at court. They will try and prove the allegations against you beyond a reasonable doubt by calling witnesses to testify in court. They have a responsibility to make sure that the evidence is presented fairly. The Crown’s job is not about winning or losing.

Body:

A protected person is someone who:

Most people who have a successful Pre-Removal Risk Assessment are also protected persons. But this is not true if they’re inadmissible to Canada for certain reasons, for example, they’re considered a security risk. In that situation, they’re not forced to leave Canada but this could change.  

Parlez Français