glossary

Glossary

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A confirmation of permanent residence is the document that proves you’re a permanent resident. You get this document when you land in Canada as a permanent resident. People who became permanent residents before July 2002 got a document called a record of landing.

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A conjugal partner is someone who you’ve had a conjugal or marriage-like relationship with for at least one year. They don’t have to be the same sex as you.

A conjugal relationship does not have to include living together. But if you could have lived together and chose not to, it can be difficult to convince Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada that your relationship is conjugal.

Title: consent order
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A consent order is a type of court order that is based what the parties in a court case agree to.

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A consolidation loan is when you combine most or all of your debts into a single, new loan. Consolidation loans almost always have a lower monthly payment, lower interest rate, or both, than credit cards or payday loans. Banks and credit unions usually offer these loans.

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Constructive dismissal happens when your employer makes a fundamental change to your work situation and you don't agree or accept it. Because of this, your work or your conditions at work change so much that it's like you've been fired.

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A consumer proposal is a legal process to help you get out of debt. A Licensed Insolvency Trustee helps you make a plan to give to your unsecured creditors.

If a creditor accepts your plan, one or both of the following happens:

  • you pay only part of what you owe them
  • you have more time to pay them back
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A credit reporting agency is a business that keeps a record of your credit history. It also calculates your credit score. The two main credit reporting agencies in Canada are Equifax and TransUnion.

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Contempt of court is when someone does not listen to or respect the court, judge, or other person in a legal proceeding. It can include not following orders, refusing to co-operate with the judge, and lying. You can be fined or sent to jail if you are in contempt of court.

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A Convention refugee is someone who is outside their country and not able or not willing to return. This is because they have good reason to fear that they’ll be persecuted because of:

  • race,
  • religion,
  • nationality,
  • political opinion, or
  • being a member of a particular social group.
Title: convicted
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A conviction is a type of criminal sentence that includes a permanent criminal record.

If a judge or jury finds you guilty of a crime, the judge decides your sentence. The judge can either convict you or discharge you.

But if you're a young person under age 18, the judge is not allowed to convict you. They can only give you a youth sentence.

If the judge convicts you, the judge will give you a punishment like a fine, probation, or jail time. You'll also have a permanent criminal record.

If the judge gives you an absolute discharge, you'll have no punishment and no criminal record. You are free to go.

If the judge gives you a conditional discharge, you'll have no punishment but you'll have to follow certain rules until the conditional discharge is finished. The conditional discharge can last for up to 3 years. You will have a temporary criminal record until the conditional discharge is finished.

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