glossary

Glossary

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A detention order is a type of court order that can be made at a bail hearing. If the judge or justice of the peace makes a detention order, you will remain in custody until your case is finished, or you are released on a bail review.

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Developmental services institutions were run by the Ontario government.

People who were labelled with intellectual disabilities lived in these institutions. The last one closed in 2009.

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Direct examination is when one party, or their lawyer if they have one, questions their own witnesses. These are witnesses you ask to testify or speak in support of your court case. Direct examination is also called examination-in-chief.

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This is a special power of the Attorney General to override the preliminary hearing process. If a direct indictment is preferred against you, your case will be sent to trial in the Superior Court of Justice, without a preliminary hearing, or after you have been discharged at a preliminary hearing.

Title: disability
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In Ontario's human rights laws, the term disability includes many conditions. For example, a disability can be a physical condition, a mental condition, a learning disability, a developmental disability, or a mental illness. Disability also includes being addicted to or dependent on drugs or alcohol.

You could be born with a disability. Or, you could have a disability because you were sick or injured.

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The Disability Adjudication Unit (DAU) is part of the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP).

The DAU decides whether you meet the ODSP definition of a person with a disability.

They don’t interview you or give you a medical examination. 

They make their decision using the information they get from you and the health professionals who complete forms about your disability.

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You get a Disability Determination Package when you apply to the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) and need an approved health professional to give information that proves you’re a “person with a disability”.

The package includes 4 forms:

  • Self Report
  • Consent to Release Medical Information
  • Health Status Report
  • Activities of Daily Living Index

You have to return the completed forms to the Disability Adjudication Unit.

Title: disbursements
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Disbursements are extra costs related to your court case that you have to pay. For example, the cost of photocopying documents and court filing fees are disbursements. These amounts can be included in an order for cost consequences.

Title: discharge
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A discharge ends the bankruptcy process. It happens when you’re released from most of your unsecured debts.

If you don’t have to go to court for your discharge, it’s called an automatic discharge.

If you do have to go to court, a judge decides if you can be discharged from your bankruptcy.

Title: discharged
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If you are discharged after a preliminary hearing, the judge has decided that there is not enough evidence to order you to stand trial in the Superior Court of Justice. Your court case will be over and you will not be convicted of the crime unless the crown appeals the discharge.

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