glossary

Glossary

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Title: sublet
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Give your rented home temporarily to a new tenant, who is called your subtenant, for part of the term of your fixed-term tenancy. Usually you need the landlord's permission. You are still responsible to the landlord for the rent and for taking care of the place. You keep the right to move back in when the subletting agreement ends.

Title: subpoena
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A subpoena is a court order that says a person must go to court. You may be subpoenaed if you are a witness in a case. The subpoena is a document that will tell you where and when you must attend court. You must go to court as indicated by the subpoena. If you don’t go, a warrant might be issued for your arrest.

Title: subsidized
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Subsidized housing or subsidy means that a part of a tenant's rent is paid by a government agency or a non-profit organization. To get a subsidy, the tenant usually must have a household income below a certain level. Subsidized housing is sometimes called rent-geared-to-income, or RGI, housing because the amount of rent the tenant has to pay depends on their income.

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Housing where part of the rent is paid by a government agency or a non-profit organization. The part that the tenant doesn't have to pay is called a subsidy. To get a subsidy, the tenant usually must have a household income below a certain level. It is sometimes called rent-geared-to-income, or RGI, housing because the amount of rent the tenant has to pay depends on their income.

Title: subsidy
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A subsidy is a part of a tenant's rent that is paid by a government agency or a non-profit organization. To get a subsidy, the tenant usually must have a household income below a certain level. Subsidized housing is sometimes called rent-geared-to-income, or RGI, housing because the amount of rent the tenant has to pay depends on their income.

Body:

A substitute decision-maker (SDM) is a person who the law says can make personal care decisions for you if you're mentally incapable of making them. This includes decisions about where you live, what you eat, getting dressed, washing and having a bath, and staying safe. If you have an attorney for personal care, they're your SDM.

The Health Care Consent Act says who can be SDMs for health-care decisions. This includes decisions about medical treatments.

Body:

A substitute decision-maker is a person who has the legal right to make health-care decisions for you when you're not mentally capable of making them yourself. This only happens if a doctor believes you can't understand:

  • information about your treatment, or
  • what can happen if you get or refuse treatment

You may be able to choose your substitute decision-maker.

Title: sue
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When you sue a person or an organization, you ask a civil court to award you money. This money is intended to compensate you for something that the person or organization did that was wrong.

Title: summarily
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Most criminal offences are “hybrid” offences. This means the Crown uses the specific facts of each case to decide if to prosecute the case as a summary offence or as an indictable offence:

  1. Summary offences are considered less serious. They go to the Ontario Court of Justice where the court process is simpler and faster. There is never a jury. A judge decides the case on their own. The maximum sentence is 2 years in jail, or a $5000 fine, or both.
     
  2. Indictable offences are considered more serious. They go to the Superior Court of Justice where the court process is more complicated and takes longer. Some cases are decided by a jury and some by a judge. The maximum sentence is often longer than 2 years in jail.

The youth court process and youth sentences are different.

 

Topic:
Body:

Most criminal offences are “hybrid” offences. This means the Crown uses the specific facts of each case to decide if to prosecute the case as a summary offence or as an indictable offence:

  1. Summary offences are considered less serious. They go to the Ontario Court of Justice where the court process is simpler and faster. There is never a jury. A judge decides the case on their own. The maximum sentence is 2 years in jail, or a $5000 fine, or both.
     

  2. Indictable offences are considered more serious. They go to the Superior Court of Justice where the court process is more complicated and takes longer. Some cases are decided by a jury and some by a judge. The maximum sentence is often longer than 2 years in jail.

The youth court process and youth sentences are different.

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