glossary

Glossary

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You may be able to appeal to the Social Security Tribunal if you don’t agree with a decision about the Canada Pension Plan, Employment Insurance, or Old Age Security.

When you appeal to the Tribunal, you start with the General Division. Then, if you think that the General Division has made an error, you may be able to appeal to the Appeal Division.

Title: sole custody
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Sole custody is a type of custody where only one parent has the right to make important decisions about how to care for and raise a child. It includes the right to make decisions about the child's health, education, and religion.

The parent with sole custody may have to discuss the issue with the other parent before making an important decision. But the parent with sole custody can make the decision even if the other parent disagrees.

Other people, for example, grandparents, can also apply to the court for custody.

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Ontario Works (OW) and the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) say you’re a sole-support parent if both of the following are true:

  • you don’t have a spouse that OW or ODSP includes in your household
  • you do have a child or an adult child living with you and OW or ODSP includes them in your household
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You might qualify for special EI benefits if you need time off work for certain reasons. Special EI benefits include maternity, parental, sickness, compassionate care, and parents of critically ill children benefits.

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Special or extraordinary expenses are a type of child support that is paid in addition to the table amounts of monthly child support set out in the Child Support Guidelines. The table amounts cover expenses like clothes, food, and basic school supplies.

Special or extraordinary expenses cover things like daycare or university costs. These expenses must be reasonable given the family's financial situation and necessary because they are in the child's best interests. Both parents usually share these expenses in proportion to their incomes.

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To serve a document by special service means you have to give a copy of that document to your partner by either:

  • getting someone like a family member, friend, or process server to give the copy to your partner in person
  • giving the copy directly to your partner's lawyer
  • giving the copy to an adult living at the same home as your partner and also mailing a copy of the document your partner's address within one day
  • mail

There are rules about how to serve a document by special service that depend on how you serve the document. For example, you can mail the document but your partner must mail you back a special form to say that they received your document.

Some documents, such as documents that start a court case, must be served by special service. Most documents can be served by regular service.

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A specific bequest is a way to give a gift to a person or organization in a will. It is a gift of a certain piece of property, for example, a piece of jewellery or a car, or a specific bank account.

Title: split custody
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Split custody is where parents who have separated or divorced have:

  • more than one child together, and
  • each parent has one or more of their children living with them most of the time.

Split custody may affect the amount of child support paid.

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A sponsorship undertaking refers to the period of time when a sponsor is financially responsible for the person they sponsor. It starts on the day the sponsored person becomes a permanent resident and ranges from 3 to 20 years, depending on the family class category the person was sponsored under.

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Spousal support is money paid by one partner to the other partner after they separate or divorce. Spousal support is not automatic. The partner asking for spousal support must show that they have a legal right to spousal support.

If spousal support is paid, the partner with the higher income almost always pays support to the partner with the lower income. There are Spousal Support Advisory Guidelines that help lawyers and judges calculate how much and how long support needs to be paid. There is also an online tool that can give you a basic idea of how much and how long support needs to be paid.

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