glossary

Glossary

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Title: accommodation
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Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers and landlords must do what they can to remove barriers that cause people to be treated differently because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code.

 The legal word for this is accommodation. Examples of personal include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability. 

This could mean doing things differently for you so that you are treated equally. For example, you might need a wheelchair ramp to get inside a building. Or you might not be able to wear the same uniform as other workers because of your religion.

But an employer or landlord might not have to do something if they can prove that it will cause them undue hardship. 

Title: assets
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Assets are things that you own. For example, assets include cars, real estate, registered retirement savings plans (RRSPs), and any savings you have.

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The Canada Revenue Agency manages the income tax process. They’re also responsible for some social benefits, like the Goods and services tax/Harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) credit, Canada child benefit, and child disability benefit.

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People who get Ontario Works (OW) assistance may have to do community placements.

Community placements are sometimes called “community participation” or “voluntary placement”.

People in community placements work at non-profit, community, or public organizations. Examples of these types of organizations are schools, daycare centres, food banks, libraries, and community centres.

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Developmental services institutions were run by the Ontario government.

People who were labelled with intellectual disabilities lived in these institutions. The last one closed in 2009.

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The Disability Adjudication Unit (DAU) is part of the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP).

The DAU decides whether you meet the ODSP definition of a person with a disability.

They don’t interview you or give you a medical examination. 

They make their decision using the information they get from you and the health professionals who complete forms about your disability.

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You get a Disability Determination Package when you apply to the Ontario Disability Support Program (ODSP) and need an approved health professional to give information that proves you’re a “person with a disability”.

The package includes 4 forms:

  • Self Report
  • Consent to Release Medical Information
  • Health Status Report
  • Activities of Daily Living Index

You have to return the completed forms to the Disability Adjudication Unit.

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Discrimination happens when an employer, landlord, service provider, or organization you are a member of harasses you, treats you differently or unfairly, or refuses to accommodate you because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code. Examples of personal differences include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability.  

Examples of discrimination include when an employer refuses to accommodate your disability in a way that would not cause them undue hardship. Or a landlord refuses to rent to you because of your ethnic origin. Or a travel agent refuses to serve you because of your sexual orientation. Or a trade union refuses to let you join because of your disability.

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Earnings exemptions are the rules that let you earn some money without Ontario Works or the Ontario Disability Support Program reducing the amount they give you by the full amount you earn.

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Financial assistance is money you get from Ontario Works (OW) to help pay for living expenses, like housing and food.

It also helps pay for some prescription drugs and may help pay for some dental services. And some people can get:

  • extra money to help pay for a special diet
  • other benefits, such as costs for travelling to medical appointments

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