glossary

Glossary

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The Allowance for the Survivor is a monthly amount that the Canadian government pays to Canadian citizens and legal residents whose spouse or common-law partner has died and who:

  • have a low income,
  • are 60 to 64 years old, and

meet the minimum residency requirements.

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Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) refers to different ways or processes that try to get people to agree on their legal issues without going to court. Some of these processes are collaborative family law, mediation, and arbitration.

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This is a formal document used to begin a proceeding in court. An information can be used to accuse a person of a criminal offence or to ask for a hearing for a peace bond.

In a criminal proceeding, the information is usually sworn by a police officer who has reasonable and probable grounds to believe the person committed a criminal offence.

In a non-criminal proceeding, a private citizen usually swears an information to ask for a peace bond against someone they have a reasonable fear of.  Private citizens can also swear informations for criminal offences.

Title: annulment
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An annulment is a court order that your marriage was not valid from the start. You might get one if, for example, your partner was still married to someone else when they married you.

It is rare to get an annulment to legally end a marriage. Most of the time you need to get a divorce to legally end a marriage.

Title: appeal
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To appeal means to ask a judge or someone with more power to review a decision that you don't agree with.

Other parties who are affected by the decision can also appeal.

Title: appeal
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To appeal means to ask a higher decision maker to change a decision that you don't agree with. For example, the higher level decision maker at the WSIB is called an Appeals Resolution Officer.

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This is a document telling you what you have been charged with and the details of your first appearance in court. These are usually given in less serious matters.

In more serious cases, the police might require an undertaking with conditions you must follow or they might hold you in custody until you have a bail hearing.

Title: applicant
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The applicant is the party who starts the court case. An applicant can be one person or a group of two or more people, a corporation, or an agency like the Family Responsibility Office, etc.

The person that they are making a claim against is called the respondent.

Title: application
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A way to start a case at a court or tribunal, or to ask a court or tribunal to make a decision about a dispute. For example, if a landlord wants a tenant to move out and the tenant does not move, the landlord can make an application to the Landlord and Tenant Board. Or if a tenant can't get their landlord to do needed repairs, the tenant can make an application to the Board. Application can also refer to the actual form or document used to start a case.

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Approved medical practitioners that can sign an EI medical certificate include:

  • a Canadian or American licensed medical doctor
  • a psychologist, as long as the illness being treated is within their field
  • a chiropractor, as long as the illness being treated is within their field
  • an optometrist, as long as the illness being treated is within their field
  • a nurse practitioner, or a midwife, as long as the illness being treated is within their field, or
  • a registered nurse, only in isolated areas, when a doctor is not available.

It is usually not acceptable to have your medical certificate completed and signed by a massage therapist, osteopath, naturopath, physiotherapist, podiatrist, acupuncturist, Christian Science Adherence Practitioner, or a doctor not licensed in Canada or America.

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