glossary

Glossary

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Title: assault
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This is a criminal offence. An assault happens when you apply, or try to apply force to another person without their consent. This includes touching but not casual contact between people.

Assault that causes physical harm can result in more serious charges like "assault cause bodily harm," "aggravated assault," or even "attempt murder." Assaults for a sexual purpose are "sexual assaults."

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This is a criminal offence. If you assault a police officer while trying to stop a  lawful arrest you, you can be charged with the criminal offence of “assault with intent to resist arrest”. You can be charged with this criminal offence if:

  • You assault the police officer.
  • You try to assault the police officer.
  • The police officer believes you’re trying to assault them.
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This is a criminal offence. If you assault a peace officer while they are doing their job, you can be charged with the criminal offence of “assaulting a peace officer”.  Police officers are peace officers, but the term peace officer can also apply to people in other jobs. For example, prison guards and bailiffs in a courtroom are also peace officers    You can be charged with this criminal offence if:

  • You assault the peace officer.
  • You try to assault the peace officer.
  • The peace officer believes you’re trying to assault them.
Title: assets
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Assets, sometimes called property, are money and anything you own that has value and can be exchanged for money. This can include cars, jewelry, land, and investments such as an RRSP or a pension plan. Assets can be used or sold to pay debts that you owe.

Title: assets
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Assets are things that you own. For example, assets include cars, real estate, registered retirement savings plans (RRSPs), and any savings you have.

Title: assign
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Give your rented home permanently to a new tenant, who is called your assignee. The new tenant takes over all your responsibilities such as paying rent. Usually you need the landlord's permission. Assigning means you have no right to move back in. It is often mistakenly called subletting, but subletting is something different.

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An automatic discharge ends the bankruptcy process. It happens when you’re released from most of your unsecured debts without having to go to court.  

When someone is bankrupt for the first time, the discharge could happen as early as 9 months after you file for bankruptcy.

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In an averaging agreement, you agree to get overtime on the average number of overtime hours you work over 2 weeks or more, not the actual number of hours.

In most jobs, the hours you work over 44 hours a week are overtime hours. And for those hours you get paid 1 ½ times your regular wage.

To average your overtime hours over a certain number of weeks, take the total number of hours you worked in that period and divide by the number of weeks in that period.

Then subtract 44 hours from the total and multiply by the number of weeks in the period to figure out the overtime hours you'll have.

Title: bail
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If you are released from custody after a bail hearing it means that you have been given bail. Bail is also known as judicial interim release. This means that the Court is satisfied that if they release you, you will not commit crime, you will show up to your court dates and you will follow all the rules the court gives you while your case is ongoing.

If you are not released after a bail hearing you will be held in custody until your case is over or until you are released from custody on a bail review.

Title: bail hearing
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This is a court proceeding to decide whether a person charged with a criminal offence can be released from custody while their case is going on, and if so, on what conditions. In most cases a justice of the peace will conduct the bail hearing with a Crown and a defence lawyer (including duty counsel).

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