glossary

Glossary

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Title: arbitration
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Arbitration is an alternative dispute resolution process where partners meet with a neutral person, called an arbitrator, to solve their issues without going to court. An arbitrator is usually a lawyer. A non-lawyer can also be an arbitrator if they have special family law training. If you and your partner cannot reach an agreement, the arbitrator makes a decision to solve your issues. Their decision is called a family arbitration award.

Title: arrest
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An arrest happens when the police take you into custody so they can charge you with a criminal offence. Being in custody means that you’re not free to go.

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An arrest warrant is an order from a court that gives the police the power to arrest someone.

Title: arrested
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You are arrested when the police take you into custody so they can charge you with a criminal offence. Being in custody means that you’re not free to go.

Title: assault
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This is a criminal offence. An assault happens when you apply, or try to apply force to another person without their consent. This includes touching but not casual contact between people.

Assault that causes physical harm can result in more serious charges like "assault cause bodily harm," "aggravated assault," or even "attempt murder." Assaults for a sexual purpose are "sexual assaults."

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This is a criminal offence. If you assault a police officer while trying to stop a  lawful arrest you, you can be charged with the criminal offence of “assault with intent to resist arrest”. You can be charged with this criminal offence if:

  • You assault the police officer.
  • You try to assault the police officer.
  • The police officer believes you’re trying to assault them.
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This is a criminal offence. If you assault a peace officer while they are doing their job, you can be charged with the criminal offence of “assaulting a peace officer”.  Police officers are peace officers, but the term peace officer can also apply to people in other jobs. For example, prison guards and bailiffs in a courtroom are also peace officers    You can be charged with this criminal offence if:

  • You assault the peace officer.
  • You try to assault the peace officer.
  • The peace officer believes you’re trying to assault them.
Title: assets
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Assets are things that you own. For example, assets include cars, real estate, registered retirement savings plans (RRSPs), and any savings you have.

Title: assets
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Assets, sometimes called property, are money and anything you own that has value and can be exchanged for money. This can include cars, jewelry, land, and investments such as an RRSP or a pension plan. Assets can be used or sold to pay debts that you owe.

Title: assign
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Give your rented home permanently to a new tenant, who is called your assignee. The new tenant takes over all your responsibilities such as paying rent. Usually you need the landlord's permission. Assigning means you have no right to move back in. It is often mistakenly called subletting, but subletting is something different.

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