glossary

Glossary

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There are specific legal rules for how you must transport alcohol:

  • The alcohol must be in a sealed bottle or closed can, or
  • The alcohol must be in a closed compartment of the vehicle, such as a trunk, out of reach of the driver
Title: trial
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A trial is a court hearing to determine whether the crown has proven guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. Trials result in findings of guilt or acquittals. If found guilty, the accused is sentenced. If they are acquitted, they are considered innocent of the offence and the case is over.

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A trial management conference is a meeting between a judge and you and your partner, and your lawyers if you have any. The purposes of a trial management conference include:

  • talking about ways to solve those issues without going to a trial
  • deciding how the trial will proceed if you cannot solve your issues
  • setting a trial date, if this has not already been done
Title: Tribunal
Body:

An agency that makes decisions about applying a set of laws to disputes between people. It is like a court but less formal. The Landlord and Tenant Board is an example of a tribunal. Another example is the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario.

Title: trust
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When a court holds money in trust, it keeps the money safe for specific purpose. For example, it holds money paid by a debtor because of a court order until it is time to give that money to the creditor.

Title: undertaking
Topic:
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An undertaking is a piece of paper that an accused signs instead of being held for a bail hearing. Usually it will contain conditions you agree to comply with as part of your release from custody. If you don’t follow the conditions of your undertaking you can be charged with failing to comply.

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After you've been charged with a criminal offence, a police officer may give you an "undertaking to an officer in charge", along with a promise to appear. The undertaking to an officer in charge is also known as Form 11.1. It includes conditions similar to those required for bail. For example, you may be required to pledge up to $500 security before you are released.

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Undue hardship means a payor parent doesn't have enough money to pay the child support they have to pay according to the Child Support Guidelines.

It can also mean that the parent receiving child support is finding it very hard to support the child with the amount they get according to the Child Support Guidelines.

Undue hardship is difficult to prove. If a parent can prove undue hardship, the court can order an amount that is more or less than what the payor would have usually paid according to the Child Support Guidelines.

Body:

Ontario’s Human Rights Code says that employers and landlords must do what they can to remove barriers that cause people to be treated differently because of personal differences that are listed in the Human Rights Code. The legal word for this is accommodation. Examples of personal differences include a person’s ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, age, marital status, or disability. 

But an employer or landlord might not have to do something if they can prove that doing it will cause them undue hardship. For example, it would be undue hardship:

  • if the only solution available would cost the employer or landlord too much
  • if the only solution would cause a serious risk to the health or safety to other workers or tenants 
Body:

Unfair business practices are any dishonest way a company gets your business. This includes a company:

  • making false or misleading promises to you
  • overcharging you for goods
  • taking advantage of your disability, languages you don't understand, or challenges you have with reading
  • pressuring you to buy their goods or services

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