glossary

Glossary

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A departure order is a type of removal order. If you get a departure order, you have to leave Canada within 30 days. You must tell Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) when you leave. This is called "confirming your departure". If you don't leave within the 30 days, or don't confirm that you're leaving, the order can become a deportation order.

Title: dependants
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A dependent child is a child who depends on their parent or parents because they're either:

  • under the age of 22 and not married or in a common-law relationship, or
  • 22 or older and financially dependent on their parents since before they were 22 because they have a physical or mental condition that stops them from supporting themselves.

The rules about who is a dependent child were different before August 1, 2014 and between that date and October 23, 2017. For some people, previous rules will apply.

A dependent child can be biological, which means born to their parents, or adopted.

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A deportation order is a type of removal order. If you're deported, you can't return to Canada unless you get permission in writing from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. This is called an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC).

Title: deported
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Being deported means having to leave Canada because of a deportation order. A deportation order is a type of removal order. If someone is deported, they can't return to Canada unless they get permission in writing from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada. This is called an Authorization to Return to Canada (ARC).

Title: deposit
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Money you give someone for them to hold and to count towards something you will have to pay later. In Ontario, the only deposit a landlord can make you give them is the amount of rent for one period. Usually this means one month's rent. The landlord can only use this for the last rent payment before the tenancy ends. It is often called a security deposit, last month's rent deposit, or LMR.

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For some types of property, such as a life insurance policy, registered retirement savings plan, or tax-free savings account, you can say who will get it when you die, without writing it in your will. This person is often called a designated beneficiary.

When you die, the money goes directly to them. It does not become part of your estate and your estate does not pay probate fees on it.

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Designated foreign nationals are members of a group of people who:

  • arrive in Canada together, and
  • are called an "irregular arrival" by the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness.

This can happen, for example, if the Minister suspects that they have been brought to Canada through human smuggling or trafficking with the help of a criminal organization or terrorist group.

Designated foreign nationals have fewer rights than other foreign nationals.

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The Criminal Code identifies certain crimes as designated offences because of the seriousness and circumstances of these types of crimes. Designated offences are usually violent or serious drug related offences. If you’re convicted of a designated offence, you can be ordered to give a DNA sample for the National DNA Data Bank.

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The Criminal Code allows lawyers, paralegals, and articling students to appear "by designation" for routine court appearances if a designation of counsel has been filed with the court. If you have hired a lawyer, they may ask you to sign a designation of counsel so that they can appear in court without you, and without needing to ask the court for a discretionary bench warrant in your absence.

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