glossary

Glossary

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The Mandatory Information Program (MIP) is a program for partners who are separating or divorcing. It gives them information about:

  • family law issues
  • the family court process
  • how separation and divorce affects adults and children
  • ways to solve issues without going to court
  • local resources and programs

In most situations, both partners must attend an MIP before their court case can move forward. The MIP is available at all family court locations across Ontario.

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A marriage contract, sometimes called a domestic contract, is a written contract that partners can make that says how they will deal with their issues while they are married, at the end of the marriage, or if one of them dies. They can make this kind of contract before they marry if they plan to marry, or after getting married. For example, a marriage contract can say how much spousal support one partner will pay the other if they separate. It cannot say who will have custody or access to any children.

Title: married
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To be married or to have a marriage means that two people of the same or opposite sex had a marriage ceremony with someone that has the legal power to marry them. A marriage ends only by divorce, annulment, or the death of one of the partners. Being separated is not the same as being divorced.

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The matrimonial home is the property that was usually used by married partners as their family home at the time they separated. There can be more than one matrimonial home. Common-law partners cannot have a matrimonial home.

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The matrimonial home is the property that was usually used by married partners as their family home at the time they separated. There can be more than one matrimonial home. Common-law partners cannot have a matrimonial home, but may have other legal protections for the home shared during the relationship.

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A mediated agreement is an agreement that a landlord and a tenant make with the help of a Board mediator. It is a way to settle a case without the Board making the decision. A mediated agreement can give the landlord the right to ask the Board for an eviction order later without telling the tenant. It can also take away other rights that landlords and tenants cannot give up in any other way.

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A mediated agreement is an agreement that 2 parties make with the help of a third person called a mediator during mediation. If the parties make a mediated agreement on some or all of their issues, they do not need to have a hearing at a court or tribunal about the things they have agreed on. 

Title: mediation
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Mediation is an alternative dispute resolution process where partners meet with a neutral person, called a mediator, to try to solve their issues without going to court. A mediator is a person trained to help you agree on your issues without taking sides. Some lawyers, social workers, and other professionals are trained to be mediators. A mediator won't decide anything and won't force you or your partner to agree to anything. But, they try and help you speak with each other about your issues and understand each other's position. Their goal is to help you both compromise and come to an agreement.

Title: mediation
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In mediation, a worker and an employer meet with someone called a mediator. The mediator tries to help them find a solution that they agree on. The mediator is neutral, which means they don't take the side of the worker or the employer.

If the mediation process works, the worker and the employer make an agreement. This means they won't need to have a hearing at a court or tribunal, where a judge or adjudicator would decide for them.

Title: mediation
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When two sides have a dispute, a third person called a mediator can talk to both of them to try to help them reach an agreement. This is called mediation. A mediator does not have the power to make a decision or force anyone to agree to anything.

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