glossary

Glossary

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Property division is the process of dividing a married couple's assets and debts. This usually happens after they separate or divorce.

Married couples usually share the value of their property. This means that the partner who has more property usually pays money to the partner who has less property. Usually, the property itself is not physically divided.

This is not true for people in a common-law relationship. They usually don't have to share the value of their property if they separate.

Title: prosecute
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This means having legal proceedings against someone accused of a crime to see if that person is guilty.

Title: prosecutor
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Crown prosecutors are lawyers employed by the Criminal Justice Branch of the Ministry of the Attorney General. They are also known as the Crown, prosecutors, or Crown counsel.

Crown prosecutors present the case against you at court. They will try and prove the allegations against you beyond a reasonable doubt by calling witnesses to testify in court. They have a responsibility to make sure that the evidence is presented fairly. The Crown’s job is not about winning or losing.

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A protected person is someone who:

Most people who have a successful Pre-Removal Risk Assessment are also protected persons. But this is not true if they're inadmissible to Canada for certain reasons, for example, they're considered a security risk. In that situation, they're not ordered to leave Canada, but Canada Border Services Agency can review the decision to let them remain in Canada.

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A protection application is when the Children’s Aid Society starts a court case against a child’s parent because they think that the child is in need of protection.

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Provincial correctional facilities are run by the Government of Ontario. They’re for people who are:

  • in custody while waiting for their trial on criminal charges, or
  • serving a sentence of less than 2 years.

They include correctional centres, detention centres, jails, and treatment centres.

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Provincial offences are minor non-criminal offences, such as traffic violations. These offences are dealt with in the Ontario Court of Justice by a judge or a justice of the peace.

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Public records are documents or information that anyone can search for and find.

For example, when you file for bankruptcy, this information becomes a “public record”. Consumer reporting agencies, like Equifax and TransUnion, get this information. And anyone else can pay a small fee and do a search to find bankruptcy records.

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