glossary

Glossary

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A search warrant is an order from a court that lets the police search a specific place for specific items.

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A “secondary designated offence” is a serious offence, such as assault, uttering threats, and serious drug related offences. If you’re convicted of a secondary designated offence, the court may ask for a DNA sample from you. If a sample is taken, a record of your DNA sample will be kept the National DNA Data Bank.

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An accused person charged with an indictable offence usually has the choice of a trial in the Ontario Court of Justice or in the Superior Court of Justice. The offences listed in section 469 can only have trials in the Superior Court of Justice. The offences listed in section 469 include:

  • treason
  • alarming Her Majesty
  • intimidating Parliament or a legislature
  • piracy, and
  • murder
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If you're arrested and held for a bail hearing while already on a recognizance of bail, the Crown can apply to have the recognizance of bail cancelled. They do this by making an application under section 524 of the Criminal Code. If the Crown does this, your bail hearing will address both your new charges, and the charges for which you previously had bail.

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A recognizance under section 810 of the Criminal Code is also known as an 810 peace bond[link to definition]. If you sign a section 810 peace bond[link to definition], you will be required to follow certain conditions for up to 1 year.

If you don’t follow the conditions of your peace bond, you can be charged with the criminal offence breach of recognizance.

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A secured creditor is any person or business that holds collateral for money you owe them. For example, a mortgage lender is a secured creditor because they hold your house as security for the loan, and can take your house if you do not pay your mortgage loan.

Title: secured debt
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A secured debt is when you owe money to a person or business that is guaranteed with collateral. For example, a car loan is a secured debt because your lender can take your car if you do not pay back the loan.

Title: seizure
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Seizure is when an enforcement officer lawfully takes land or personal property to pay for money owed because of a court order. Often, the property is sold and the money is used to pay the creditor.

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You are being self-incriminating if you do or say something that could:

  • lead to you being charged with a criminal offence
  • be used against you in court
Title: sentence
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A sentence is a punishment given to someone found guilty of an offence. A sentence can include jail time, but it doesn't have to, it can also include a fine or a period of probation.

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