I want to write a will. What do I need to know?
In light of the COVID-19 situation, you might be thinking of making a will. A will is a legal document that says who gets your property after you die.
What you can put in your will
When you make a will you decide things like who:
- is the person who will carry out the directions in your will, called your
- are the people and organizations you want to leave your property to, called your
- will care for your children who under the age of 18
Who can make a will
You can make a will if you’re:
- at least 18 years old, but you can be younger if you’re legally , a member of the Canadian forces, or a sailor, and
- , which means you understand what you are doing, what property you have, and if there are people who are financially dependent on you
How to make a will
There are 4 ways to make a will:
1. Use CLEO’s Wills Guided Pathway. This is a free online interview that helps you create a create a simple will and appoint an executor for that will.
2. Write a holograph will. This must be written completely in your own handwriting. It can’t be partly typed and partly written. It should state:
- your full name
- that this is your “last will and testament”
- who you name as your trustee
- what your wishes are
You don’t need any witnesses. But you must sign it at the very end. And it’s a good idea to put a date on it.
3. Buy a will kit. Make sure the kit is based on the law of Ontario. If you use a will kit:
- The will must be dated.
- You must sign the will in front of 2 witnesses.
- Each witness must also sign the will in front of you and the other witness.
- One of the witnesses should sign an that says you signed the will in front of both of the witnesses, who also signed the will.
4. Hire a lawyer to write your will. This will cost more but the lawyer will make sure that your will follows all the rules.
Because of COVID-19, it can be difficult to have witnesses physically present when you sign your will.
As of August 1, 2020, the Law Society of Ontario (LSO) has said that where it is not possible to commission an affidavit in person, the affidavit may be commissioned by video conference.
The LSO has developed a Remote Commissioning Checklist for lawyers and paralegals who “virtually commission” documents. For example, you can sign a document in front of a lawyer or paralegal using Skype, Zoom, or FaceTime. Then you have to send the original document to them so they can sign as a witness.
The will is made up of all these copies.
If you die without a will
Ontario law has rules about who gets the property in your estate if you die without a will or don’t make a valid will. These are called the . Under these rules, people who you thought would get your property may get less or more than you wanted them to get. Or, they may get nothing.
For example, the intestacy rules say only a legally married and biological and adopted children have a right to your property. The intestacy rules do not give anything to a , or to stepchildren you haven’t legally adopted.
For more information about wills, visit Steps to Justice.