Which relatives can be sponsored to become permanent residents?
You may be able to sponsor a if you're:
- a Canadian citizen, or
- a .
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has a policy that allows people who are defined as Status Indians under the Indian Act to sponsor relatives and family members. This policy was created because it was left out of the law.
You must also be:
- at least 18 years old, and
- living in Canada
There are many other rules about who can be a sponsor that apply regardless of who you want to sponsor. For example, there are rules about what sponsors have to do help their financially and who's eligible to be a sponsor.
Minimum necessary income
Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has income guidelines that say what minimum necessary income a sponsor must have. These amounts usually go up each year.
You have to meet the income guidelines if you're sponsoring anyone other than a , , or .
Special rules for minimum necessary income during COVID-19
As of October 2, 2020, IRCC will be more flexible in applying the minimum necessary income for sponsors relying on income for the 2020 tax year. But they must also meet the conditions outlined in the policy.
When figuring out the minimum necessary income that applies to you, IRCC will also include income from:
- Canada Emergency Response Benefit (CERB)
- regular Employment Insurance (EI) benefits
- other COVID-related benefits
Spouse, partner, or child
There's more information about when you can sponsor a family member, such as your spouse, partner, or a child, in: