1. Determine whether you have to identify yourself

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Criminal Law - Police stops and searches
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Office of the Independent Police Review Director (OIPRD)
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Ontario Provincial Police (OPP)

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Do I have to answer police questions if I'm driving or biking?
This question has an answer and 4 steps

1. Determine whether you have to identify yourself

You must identify yourself if:

  • the police have detained you after an accident
  • the police think you’ve broken a provincial or municipal traffic law while riding your bicycle
  • the police have stopped you while driving a vehicle

If you refuse to identify yourself in these situations, you may get arrested or have to stay with the police longer.

If you’re a bicycle rider, you don't have to show a licence. You can simply give the police your name and address. If you lie about your name or address, you can be charged with obstructing justice or obstructing the police.

If you're stopped while driving a vehicle, you must show the following to the police when asked:

  • your driver’s licence
  • your vehicle’s registration
  • proof of insurance documents

The police can also demand that you take a roadside breath test to check for alcohol impairment. They do not need a reason to ask you to take a breath test. You do not have the right to refuse a breath test.

Reviewed: December 18, 2018

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