3. File an application with the Tribunal

The Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario can decide if an employer has discriminated against you. You start the process by filing an application with the Tribunal. The Tribunal has an Applicant’s Guide with detailed instructions.

In your application, you say why you think the employer's actions are against your human rights.

Say what happened

Explain how the employer discriminated against you. Include details about each time something happened, saying:

  • where things happened
  • when things happened
  • who was involved

Say how it affected you

Include details about:

  • loss of income if you were fired or had to take time off
  • costs of looking for another job
  • impact on your health, physical and mental

Say what you want the Tribunal to do

The Tribunal can order the employer to:

  • pay you money
  • give you a job
  • change its practices so they follow human rights laws

You can ask for money to cover costs that you had or to replace money that you were forced to spend because of what the employer did.

You can also ask for money because of how the employer's actions affected you. When an employer does not respect your human rights, this can hurt you. The Tribunal can order the employer to pay you money for the hurt they caused you. You don't have to show that their actions cost you money.

Consider mediation

You have to say on your application if you agree to try . This means a Tribunal member meets with you and the employer to see if you can reach an agreement without going to a hearing.

The Tribunal won't do mediation unless your employer also agrees. And if the mediation doesn't end with an agreement, you still have the right to a hearing.

Learn more about how to apply to the Tribunal in How to complete an Application form to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario.

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