2. Find out if the other country has signed the Hague Convention

What if my partner takes our child to another country without my permission?
This question has an answer and 4 steps
1
2
3
4

2. Find out if the other country has signed the Hague Convention

If your child has already been taken to another country, it is important to know whether that country has a reciprocal agreement with Canada under the Hague Convention. A reciprocity agreement is an international agreement where a country agrees to send the children back to their home country to decide custody and access.

The Hague Convention status table lists the countries that have signed the Hague Convention. It is updated whenever the Hague Convention applies in a new country. But, some countries listed on the status table do not have a reciprocal agreement with Canada. 

As of January 2019, the Hague Convention applies between Canada and the following countries:

Albania

Andorra

Argentina

Australia

Austria

Bahamas

Belarus

Belgium

Belize

Bermuda

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brazil

Bulgaria

Burkina Faso

Cayman Islands

Chile

Columbia

Costa Rica

Croatia

Cyprus

Czech Republic

Denmark (except Faroe Islands and Greenland)

Dominican Republic

Ecuador

El Salvador

Estonia

Falkland Islands

Fiji

Finland

France
Georgia

Germany

Greece

Honduras

Hong Kong (Special Administration Regio n of China)

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Isle of Man 

Israel

Italy

Japan

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Macau (Special Administration Region of China)

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Malta

Mauritius

Mexico

Morocco

Moldova

Monaco

Montenegro

Montserrat

Netherlands

New Zealand
Norway

Panama

Paraguay

Peru

Poland

Portugal

Romania

St. Kitts and Nevis

San Marino

Serbia

Singapore

Slovakia

Slovenia

South Africa

Spain

Sri Lanka

Sweden

Switzerland

Trinidad and Tobago

Turkey

Turkmenistan

United Kingdom 

United States of America

Ukraine

Uruguay

Uzbekistan

Venezuela

Zimbabwe

If the country your child has been taken to is on this list, you can get authorities in your province to help you get your child returned to Canada. This is still difficult, but it lets you work with officials in your province instead of officials in the other country.

Your Hague Convention application will be managed through your province. They will give you information on making an application, including what steps you need to take and what documents you need to give.

If the country your child has been taken to is not on this list, they do not have a reciprocity agreement with Canada. In these situations, it is very difficult to get your child returned to Canada. You can contact the Case Management Officers with the Consular Family Unit at Global Affairs Canada for help. 

You May Also Need

Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH)
Reviewed: August 31, 2017

Parlez Français