5. Learn more about making a human rights claim

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Human Rights - Discrimination at work
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Tribunals Ontario - Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC)

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5. Learn more about making a human rights claim

Important COVID-19 update about time limits

When figuring out the deadline to take a legal step, the time between March 16 and September 14, 2020 does not count. This is because of an emergency order that stopped all time limits to start a case during that time. Find out how this could affect you.

If you think an employer, landlord, union, or service provider has discriminated against you, you can apply to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario. The Tribunal can decide if you experienced discrimination.

You should try to get legal advice before you decide to make an application. You can get free legal advice and information from the Human Rights Legal Support Centre or a community legal clinic

You start the process by making an application to the Tribunal. In your application, you:

  • say what happened
  • explain why you think the treatment you experienced was discrimination

The Tribunal has an Applicant’s Guide with detailed instructions.

After you file your application, your employer, landlord, union, or service provider will have a chance to respond. You will both have the choice to attend a mediation to try and resolve your issues. If you can’t resolve your issues, there will be a hearing where a Tribunal member will decide if you were discriminated against. The whole process can take over a year to complete.

Time limits

The deadline to apply to the Tribunal is one year from the date you were discriminated against.

It is very important that you file your application with the Tribunal within the one year period. If you miss the deadline, you can still apply, but you must explain why you're applying late. It is very rare for the Tribunal to accept a late application.

What the Tribunal can do

If the Tribunal decides that the employer, landlord, union, or service provider discriminated against you, they can order them to:

  • pay you money
  • change their practices so they follow human rights laws

You can ask for money to cover costs that you had or to replace money that you were forced to spend because of the discrimination. You can also ask for money because of the hurt you were caused.

Reviewed: June 11, 2018

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