Archives: Glossary terms


Treatment is anything a health-care provider does to improve your health or prevent your health from getting worse. This includes things like medicine or drugs, counselling, therapy, or medical care for an illness or injury.
Treatment doesn’t include the time a health-care provider assesses your physical or mental health.


Records are documents that contain information about something or someone. Health records contain information about your health. Records can be physical documents, such as a doctor’s notes on paper, or they can be electronic, such as files stored on a computer.

Community Treatment Order

A Community Treatment Order (CTO) is an official order from a doctor that allows a person who has a serious mental disorder to be treated for it while living at home. Without a CTO, that person would be forced to live in a psychiatric facility and be treated there.

mental disorder

A person has a mental disorder if they have an illness or disability that affects how their mind works. For example, it may affect their thinking, moods, or behaviour.

health-care provider

A health-care provider is a person who takes care of or treats your physical or mental health. For example, a doctor, nurse, therapist, or counsellor. A health-care provider must have a professional license.

Children’s Aid Society

The Children’s Aid Society (CAS) is an organization that has a legal duty to make sure that children are protected from harm. The government has given them this job. In some places in Ontario, CAS is called Child and Family Services.


Your relative is someone who is related to you by blood or adoption.


A notary is someone who’s licensed to verify a person’s signature on a document. Each province has its own rules about who can become a notary, also called a notary public.

judicial review

When you apply for a judicial review, you ask the Federal Court to review a decision because there was a big legal or factual mistake in that decision. This is called asking the Federal Court for “leave”. If the Federal Court agrees, it will have an oral hearing to discuss the decision.

family member

There are only certain family members who you can sponsor for permanent residence. They include your spouse and common-law partner. They also include your dependent child, a dependent child of your spouse or common-law partner, and a dependent child of that dependent child.

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