2. Find out if the other country has signed the Hague Convention
If your child has already been taken to another country, it is important to know whether that country has a reciprocal agreement with Canada under the Hague Convention. A reciprocity agreement is an international agreement where a country agrees to send the children back to their home country to decide and . These used to be called and .
The Hague Convention status table lists the countries that have signed the Hague Convention. It is updated whenever the Hague Convention applies in a new country. But, some countries listed on the status table do not have a reciprocal agreement with Canada.
As of January 2019, the Hague Convention applies between Canada and the following countries:
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Denmark (except Faroe Islands and Greenland)
Hong Kong (Special Administration Region of China)
Isle of Man
Macau (Special Administration Region of China)
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Trinidad and Tobago
United States of America
If the country your child has been taken to is on this list, you can get authorities in your province to help you get your child returned to Canada. This is still difficult, but it lets you work with officials in your province instead of officials in the other country.
Your Hague Convention application will be managed through your province. They will give you information on making an application, including what steps you need to take and what documents you need to give.
If the country your child has been taken to is not on this list, they do not have a reciprocity agreement with Canada. In these situations, it is very difficult to get your child returned to Canada. You can contact the Case Management Officers with the Consular Family Unit at Global Affairs Canada for help.