What if my partner takes our child to another country without my permission?

2. Find out if the other country has signed the Hague Convention

If your child has already been taken to another country, it is important to know whether that country has a reciprocal agreement with Canada under the Hague Convention. A reciprocity agreement is an international agreement where a country agrees to send the children back to their home country to decide and . These used to be called and .

The Hague Convention status table lists the countries that have signed the Hague Convention. It is updated whenever the Hague Convention applies in a new country. But, some countries listed on the status table do not have a reciprocal agreement with Canada. 

As of January 2019, the Hague Convention applies between Canada and the following countries:

Albania
Andorra
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bahamas
Belarus
Belgium
Belize
Bermuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso
Cayman Islands
Chile
Columbia
Costa Rica
Croatia
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark (except Faroe Islands and Greenland)
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Estonia
Falkland Islands
Fiji
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Honduras
Hong Kong (Special Administration Regio n of China)
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Isle of Man 
Israel
Italy
Japan
Latvia
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macau (Special Administration Region of China)
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Malta
Mauritius
Mexico
Morocco
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Montserrat
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Panama
Paraguay
Peru
Poland
Portugal
Romania
St. Kitts and Nevis
San Marino
Serbia
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sweden
Switzerland
Trinidad and Tobago
Turkey
Turkmenistan
United Kingdom 
United States of America
Ukraine
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Venezuela
Zimbabwe

If the country your child has been taken to is on this list, you can get authorities in your province to help you get your child returned to Canada. This is still difficult, but it lets you work with officials in your province instead of officials in the other country.

Your Hague Convention application will be managed through your province. They will give you information on making an application, including what steps you need to take and what documents you need to give.

If the country your child has been taken to is not on this list, they do not have a reciprocity agreement with Canada. In these situations, it is very difficult to get your child returned to Canada. You can contact the Case Management Officers with the Consular Family Unit at Global Affairs Canada for help. 

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