Can I lose my refugee status?

5. Ask for a review

If you get a cessation or , you can't appeal to the Refugee Appeal Division (RAD). But you can ask the Federal Court if it will review the decision. You must apply for a judicial review within 15 days of receiving the order.

You can still be removed from Canada when you apply for a judicial review. To stay in Canada while your application is being considered, you will have to ask the Federal Court for an order to stay your removal.

Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA)

A Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA) is a written application where you explain why you're afraid to return to your country and you provide documents to support your fear.

Your eligibility for a PRRA depends on several factors, including:

  • if there is a against you,
  • if you have made a refugee claim,
  • how long it has been since your refugee claim was rejected, and
  • if you already made a refugee claim in another country that has an information sharing agreement with Canada

If you're still in Canada one year after you receive a , you can apply for a (PRRA).

If you received a vacation order, you can apply for a PRRA at any time.

It's very difficult to succeed with a PRRA without a lawyer. There are strict deadlines to follow and the rules about what you can include are complicated.

Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds

You might also be able to apply for permanent residence on Humanitarian and Compassionate (H&C) grounds. Almost anything that makes others feel compassion and want to help can be the basis for a successful H&C application. An important factor is whether there's a child who would be directly affected if you had to return to your home country.

It's very difficult to succeed with an H&C application without a lawyer. There are strict deadlines to follow and the rules about what evidence you can include are complicated.

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