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How do I make a claim to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario?

How do I make a claim to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario?
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CLEO (Community Legal Education Ontario / Éducation juridique communautaire Ontario)
Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario (HRTO)
The Human Rights Legal Support Centre (HRLSC)

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How do I make a claim to the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario?
This question has an answer and 5 steps
June 11, 2018

Important COVID-19 update about time limits

When figuring out the deadline to take a legal step, the time between March 16 and September 14, 2020 does not count. This is because of an emergency order that stopped all time limits to start a case during that time. Find out how this could affect you.

If an employer, landlord, union representative, or service provider discriminates against you in a way that goes against Ontario's human rights laws, you might be able to make a claim against them. You can make your claim with the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario.

You might also have the option of suing them in court. You should get legal advice before you decide what to do.

Discrimination that is against human rights laws

Employers, landlords, union representatives, and service providers aren't allowed to discriminate for reasons that are against human rights laws.

This means that, in most cases, you can’t be treated differently based on personal differences listed in the Human Rights Code. These include your:

or because you:

  • are pregnant
  • have children

Time limits

The deadline to apply to the Tribunal is one year from the date you were discriminated against.

It is very important that you file your application with the Tribunal within the one year period. If you miss the deadline, you can still apply, but you must explain why you're applying late. it is very rare for the Tribunal to accept a late application.

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